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Tramlink

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Croydon_tram.jpg
A tram en route to Elmers End on Tramlink route 1.

Tramlink (until recently known as Croydon Tramlink) is a public transport system in south London, operated by FirstGroup on behalf of Transport for London. Tramlink meets National Rail lines at a number of stations, but because it runs in an area relatively under-served by the London Underground (one of the reasons for its creation), its only interchange with the Underground is at Wimbledon. The system, centred on Croydon, began operation in May 2000.

Contents

Trams

Tramlink is operated by a fleet of 24 articulated low-floor trams built by Bombardier Transportation in Vienna. The cars are described by their manufacturer as class CR-4000, and are based on the very similar class K-4000 built for use on Köln's low-platform routes; Bombardier now refers to the vehicle family as Flexity Swift.

The CR-4000 cars are six-axle single-articulated double-ended cars with four doors on each side. The low floor stretches between both the outer doors through the articulation (which rests on an unpowered bogie/truck). Between the outer door and each car end is a higher-floor section, accessed up a step and situated over the car's two power bogies. The low-floor section is 400 mm above rail-level, sloping down to 350 mm in the doorways, a height which matches the platforms at tram stops, and each car has two wheelchair positions.

Each car is 30.1 m long and 2.65 m wide and has 70 seats and a total capacity of just over 200 passengers. They operate from an overhead power supply at 750 volts DC, and have a maximum speed of 80 km/h (50 mph).

Each tram has an integral traction braking controller with deadman's trigger.

Routes

Lines of the
London Underground
  Bakerloo
  Central
  Circle
  District
  East London
  Hammersmith & City
  Jubilee
  Metropolitan
  Northern
  Piccadilly
  Victoria
  Waterloo & City
  Docklands Light Railway
  Tramlink

Tramlink consists of a varied mixture of street track shared with other vehicles, dedicated track within the street, and off-street track. The off-street track includes new rights-of-way, former railway lines, and one section which shares right-of-way (though not tracks) with an operational third-rail electrified Network Rail line.

The following routes are described in detail from east to west.

Route 1

(yellow)

Then back to Wandle Park

Then to East Croydon and back to Elmers End

Route 2

(red)
Missing image
Tramlink_East_Croydon.jpg
A tram outside East Croydon station

Then to East Croydon and back to Beckenham Junction

On Sundays, route 2 services are extended to Wimbledon via route 1 to give shorter headways on the Wimbledon line.

Route 3

(green)
  • Terminus: New Addington
  • King Henry's Drive
  • Field Way
  • Addington Village
  • Gravel Hill for Addington Palace
  • Coombe Lane
  • Lloyd Park
  • Sandilands
  • Lebanon Road
  • East Croydon
  • George Street
  • Church Street
  • West Croydon
  • Wellesley Road

Then to East Croydon and back to New Addington

Former lines re-used

From Elmers End to Woodside, Tramlink Routes 1 and 2 follow the former British Rail branch line from Elmers End towards a now-demolished Addiscombe station (500 metres from the present tram station of the same name). At Woodside, the old station buildings are still visible but disused, and the original platforms have been demolished to make way for accessible low platforms, in common with the rest of the system (except Elmers End, and Wimbledon, which continue to use their old respective branch line platforms). From Woodside to Sandilands (Routes 1 & 2) and from Sandilands almost to Lloyd Park (Route 3), Tramlink follows the route of the former Woodside and South Croydon Railway. This includes the Park Hill (or Sandilands) tunnels.

From near Phipps Bridge to near Reeves Corner, the route follows that of the Surrey Iron Railway. This gives Tramlink a claim to be, in a sense, one of the world's oldest tramways! Template:Mmukpc prim beside Mitcham tram stop had its name long before Tramlink. A partial obstruction of the route near this point has necessitated the use of gauntlet track.

A Victorian footbridge beside Waddon New Road had to be demolished to make way for the flyover (http://www.transport-of-delight.com/Tramlink/Pages/TramsinAction/Flyover-1.htm) which takes Tramlink over the West Croydon to Sutton railway line. The footbridge has been re-erected at Corfe Castle on the Swanage Railway.

Projected extensions

External links


Local Rail Transit in the United Kingdom:
Metros:

Docklands Light Railway (East London) | Glasgow Subway | London Underground | Tyne and Wear Metro

Tramways:

Blackpool | Tramlink (South London) | Manchester | Midland Metro | Nottingham | Sheffield

de:Tramlink

nl:Tramlink

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