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List of Polish rulers

From Academic Kids

Poland was ruled by dukes (c.962–1025, 10321076, 10791295, 12961300 and 13061320) and kings (10251032, 10761079, 12951296, 13001305 and 13201795). The best-known dynasties are the Piast (c.962–1370) and Jagiellonian (13861572): intervening and subsequent monarchs were often rulers also of neighboring lands, or princes drawn from foreign dynasties. Polish kingship ended after the third Partition in 1795, and independence was restored on a republican basis in 1918.

Contents

Early Piast Dynasty

Term Incumbent Notes
Early Piast dynasty
Dynastia Piastów (9621138)
870 to 900Siemowit disputable
900 to 930Lestkodisputable
930 to 960Siemomysłdisputable
962 to 992Mieszko I
992 to 1025Boleslaus I the BraveKing in 1025
1025 to 1034Mieszko II LambertKing 10251031, duke 10321034
1039 to 1058Casimir I the Restorer
1058 to 1079Boleslaus II the GenerousKing 10761079, deposed
1079 to 1102Vladislaus I Herman
1102 to 1107Zbigniew and Boleslaus IIITogether
1107 to 1138Boleslaus III the Wrymouth

Regional division
Rozbicie dzielnicowe (11381306)

Note: only rulers acknowledged as overlords (or high-dukes,senior) of all Poland (usually those who inherited the "royal province of Cracow") are listed.

Piast unification

Term Incumbent Notes
Piast unification
(13061370)
1306 to 1333Vladislaus I the Shortuntil 1320, Duke Vladislaus IV, King of Poland 13201333
13331370Casimir III the Great

Angevin dynasty

Term Incumbent Notes
Angevin dynasty (House of Capet-Anjou)
Dynastia Andegawenów (13701399)
1370 to 1382Louis I of Hungary
1384 to 1399Jadwiga of Polandcrowned as a King of Poland, since 1386 together with her husband Władysław Jagiełło

Jagiellonian Dynasty

Term Incumbent Notes
Jagiellonian Dynasty
Dynastia Jagiellonów (13861572)
1386 to 1434Vladislaus II JagiełłoUntil 1399 with his wife, Jadwiga of Poland
1434 to 1444Vladislaus III of VarnaKilled in the Battle of Varna in 1444, hence the nick-name
1447 to 1492Casimir IV the Jagiellonian
1492 to 1501John I Olbracht
1501 to 1506Alexander the Jagiellonian
1506 to 1548Sigismund I the Old
1548 to 1572Sigismund II Augustus

Electoral kings



Term Incumbent Notes
de Valois Dynasty
Dynastia Walezych (15721573)
1572 to 1573Henry III de ValoisHe abandoned the throne and fled to France where he was crowned as Henry III of France
House of Báthory
(15761586)
1576 to 1586Stephen Bathory
Vasa Dynasty
Dynastia Wazów (15871668)
1587 to 1632Sigismund III Vasa
1632 to 1648Vladislaus IV Vasa
1648 to 1668Jan Kazimierz VasaAbdicated and became a monk
Polish szlachta families
(16691696)
1669 to 1673Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki
1674 to 1696John III Sobieski
Wettin Dynasty
Dynastia Wettinów (16971706 and 17091766)
1697 to 1706
1709 to 1733
Augustus II the Strongalso Elector of Saxony as
Frederick Augustus I
1733 to 1763August III Wettin
War of Polish Succession
(1733-1738)
1706 to 1709
1733 to 1736
Stanisław Leszczyński
Polish szlachta family
(17641795)
1764 to 1795Stanisław August PoniatowskiAbdicated

Duchy of Warsaw

Term Incumbent Notes
Duchy of Warsaw
Ksiestwo Warszawskie (18071815)
, dependent from France
1807 to 1815Frederick Augustus I of Saxony Wettin dynasty

Congress Kingdom

Term Incumbent Notes
Kingdom of Poland
Królestwo Polskie (18151832)
, in personal union with Russia
1815 to 1825Alexander I of Russia Romanov dynasty
1825 to 1831Nicholas I of Russia dismissed by Polish parliament on January 25, 1831 during the November Uprising


Grand Duchy of Poznan

Term Incumbent Notes
Grand Duchy of Poznan
Wielkie Księstwo Poznańskie (18151849)
, in union with Prussia
1815 to 1840Frederick William III of Prussia Hohenzollern dynasty, in Poznań was represented by duke-governor Antoni Henryk Radziwiłł till 1831.
1840 to 1849Frederick William IV of Prussia Hohenzollern dynasty. In 1849 authonomy of Grand Duchy was abolished, but titlle of Grand Duke was used by kings of Prussia and Emperors of Germany till abdication of William II in 1918

Reunification and forming Republic

Republic (since 1918)

See also

Royal coronations in Poland
Dukes of Silesia
Dukes of Mazovia
Dukes of Greater Poland
Dukes of Little Poland
Dukes of Cuiavia
Dukes of Leczyca
Dukes of Sieradz
List of szlachta
Guidelines for the spelling of names of Polish rulers

de:Liste der Herzöge und Könige von Polen fr:Liste des rois de Pologne it:Elenco di monarchi polacchi pl:Władcy Polski sv:Lista över Polens statsöverhuvuden zh:波兰君主列表 nl:Lijst van heersers van Polen

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