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Timeline of biology and organic chemistry

From Academic Kids

A Timeline of significant events in biology and organic chemistry

Contents

Before 1600

  • c. 520 B.C. - Alcmæon of Croton distinguished veins from arteries and discovered the optic nerve.
  • c. 500 B.C.1 - Sushruta - wrote Sushruta Samhita describing over 120 surgical instruments, 300 surgical procedures and classified human surgery in 8 categories. Performed cosmetic surgery.
  • c. 500 B.C. - Xenophanes examined fossils and speculated on the evolution of life.
  • c. 350 B.C. - Aristotle attempted a comprehensive classification of animals. His written works included Historia Animalium, a general biology of animals, De Partibus Animalium, a comparative anatomy and physiology of animals, and De Generatione Animalium, on developmental biology.
  • c. 320 BC - Theophrastos (or Theophrastus) begins the systematic study of botany.
  • c. 300 B.C. - Herophilos dissected the human body.
  • c. 300 B.C. - Diocles wrote the first known anatomy book and was the first to use the term anatomy.
  • c. 50-70 - Historia Naturalis by Pliny the Elder (Gaius Plinius Secundus) was published in 37 volumes.
  • 130-200 - Claudius Galen wrote numerous treatises on human anatomy.
  • c. 1010 - Avicenna (Ibn Sina or Abu Ali al Hussein ibn Abdallah) published his Canon of Medicine (Kitab al-Qanun fi al-tibb).

1600-1800

1800-1899

1900-1949

1950-1989

1990-present

See also

Footnote

Note 1: The date at which the Sushruta Samhita was compiled is uncertain. A Tribute to Hinduism (http://www.atributetohinduism.com/Hindu_Culture2.htm) says Sushruta lived in the 5th century B.C., and so the date 500 B.C. may be too early.es:Historia de la biología it:Biologia e chimica organica (cronologia)

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