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Timeline of Ancient Rome

From Academic Kids

This is a Timeline of events concerning Ancient Rome, from the city foundation until the last attempt of the Roman Empire of the East to conquer Rome.

Contents

8th century BC

7th century BC


Roman Colleseum. Photo provided by Classroom Clipart (http://classroomclipart.com)
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Roman Colleseum. Photo provided by Classroom Clipart (http://classroomclipart.com)

6th century BC

5th century BC

4th century BC

3rd century BC

2nd century BC

1st century BC

1st century

2nd century

3rd century

  • 208/211 – Severus campaigns against the Caledonians
  • 211 – Severus dies. His son Caracalla becomes emperor
  • 217 – Caracalla murdered; Macrinus becomes emperor
  • 218Elagabalus usurps the throne
  • 222 – Elagabalus is murdered. Alexander Severus becomes emperor
  • 231-3 – War against Persia
  • 235 – Alexander killed in a soldier mutiny. Maximinus Thrax becomes emperor.
  • 238 – After revolts in Africa and Rome, Gordian III becomes emperor.
  • 241 – Victory over the Persians at Resaina.
  • 244 – Romans defeated at Misiche. Philip the Arab becomes emperor.
  • 249Decius usurps the throne with support from the Danubian legions.
  • 251 – Decius defeated and slain by Cniva, king of the Goths. Gallus becomes emperor.
  • 252 – King Shapur I of Persia defeats the Romans at Barbalissos.
  • 253Valerian and his son Gallienus becomes emperors. Shapur captures Antioch.
  • 257 – Valerian retakes Antioch. The Franks invade Gaul and Spain. The Alemanni invades Italy but are defeated at Milan.
  • 258 – Goths invade Asia Minor
  • 260 – Valerian is taken captive by the Persian. Retreating Persian army attacked by Odaenathus of Palmyra. Postumus proclaimed emperor in Gaul. He is also supported in Spain and Britain.
  • 267 – Odaenathus assassinated. His widow Zenobia takes control of Palmyra
  • 268 – Gallienus defeats Gothic invasion, but is later assassinated. Claudius II becomes emperor.
  • 269 – Postumus is killed. Victorinus proclaimed emperor in Gaul and Britain. The Palmyrenes takes Egypt and Syria. Claudius defeats the Goths at Naissus in Moesia.
  • 270 – Claudius dies of plague. Aurelian becomes emperor.
  • 271 – Aurelian campaigns against the Vandals, Juthungi and the Sarmatians. Victorinus is murdered and his soldiers proclaim Tetricus I emperor
  • 272 – Aurelian defeats Zenobia at Antioch and Emesa and takes Palmyra. Zenobia is captured. The province of Dacia is abandoned.
  • 273 – Palmyra revolts. The city is destroyed by Aurelian.
  • 274 – Aurelian defeats the army of Tericus at the Catalaunian fields.
  • 275 – Aurelian is murdered. Tacitus becomes emperor.
  • 276 – Tacitus dies. Probus becomes emperor.
  • 277 – The Burgundians, Longiones, Alemanni and Franks defeated.
  • 279 – Probus campaigns against the Vandals in Illyricum.
  • 282Carus proclaimed emperor. Probus killed by his own troops.
  • 283 – Carus dies during an invasion of Persia. His son Numerian becomes emperor.
  • 284 – Numerian dies. Diocletian becomes emperor.
  • 285 – Diocletian appoints Maximian co-emperor and assigns to him the western half.
  • 286Carausius revolts in Britain.
  • 293 – Diocletian appoints Constantius I and Galerius as caesar's. Carausius murdered by Allectus who proclaims himself emperor.
  • 296 – Allectus defeated and slain.
  • 299 – Galerius defeats the Sarmatians and the Carpi

4th century

  • 301 – Diocletian issues a the Edict on Maximum Prices.
  • 303 – Diocletian orders the persecution of Christians.
  • 305 – Diocletian and Maximian abdicated. Constantius and Galerius becomes Augusti. Maximinus is appointed Caesar in the east and Severus in the west.
  • 306 – Constantius dies at York. His son Constantine I proclaimed emperor. Maxentius, son of Maximian, proclaims himself emperor in Rome.
  • 307 – Maxentius reinvest his fater Maximian with the purple. Severus is put to death. Galerius lay siege to Rome.
  • 308 – Conference of Carnuntum. Diocletian convinces Maximian to step down. Licinius appointed Augustus.
  • 310 – Maximian again proclaims himself emperor, but is captured by Constantine. He commits suicide.
  • 311 – Galerius dies at Sardica. Maximinus and Licinius split his realm between them.
  • 312 – Constantine defeats and kills Maxentius at the Milvian Bride. Licinius marries Constantine's sister Constantia
  • 313 – Licinus defeats Maximinus twice. Maximinus dies at Tarsus.
  • 314 – Constantine defeats Licinius at Cibalae
  • 316 – Diocletian dies.
  • 317 – Constantine defeats Licinius on the Campus Ardiensis. Licinius forced to cede all his European provinces except Thrace.
  • 318 – Excommunication of Arius.
  • 324 – Constantine defeats Licinius at the Hebrus River and at Chrysopolis. Licinius abdicates.
  • 325 – The Ecumenical Council of Nicaea.
  • 326 – Constantine orders the death of his oldest son, Crispus.
  • 330 – Constantine makes Constantinople the capital.
  • 332 – Constantine campaigns against the Goths.
  • 334 – Constantine campaigns against the Sarmatians.
  • 337 – Constantine dies at Nicomedia. His three sons, Constantine II, Constantius II and Constans become emperors.
  • 338 – Constantine II defats the Alemanni. War with Persia.
  • 340 – Constantine II invades Italy. He is ambushed and slain by Constans at Aquileia.
  • 341 – Constans and Constantius II issues a ban against pagan sacrifice.
  • 347 – The Donatists revolt in Africa.
  • 348 – Constantius defeats the Persians at the Battle of Singara.
  • 350Magnentius proclaims himself emperor. Constans is captured and killed.
  • 378Valens is defeated and killed by the Goths at the Battle of Adrianople.
  • 395Theodosius I divided the empire into two halves.

5th century

  • 410 – Rome is sacked by Alaric I
  • 447 – Eastern Rome loses to Attila the Hun
  • 455 – Rome is plundered by the Vandals
  • 468Leo I launches a naval expedition against the Vandals
  • 475Romulus Augustus becomes emperor
  • 476 – Romulus Augustus forced to abdicate. Traditional date for the fall of the western Roman Empire.

6th century


HistoryAncient History - Ancient RomeTimeline of Ancient Rome

See also: List of ancient RomansList of Roman battlesMilitary History of RomePolitical Institutions of RomeRoman culture

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