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Third dynasty of Egypt

From Academic Kids

Dynasties of Pharaohs
in Ancient Egypt
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th
11th (Thebes only)
Middle Kingdom
11th (All Egypt)
12th 13th 14th
Second Intermediate Period
15th 16th 17th
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Graeco-Roman Period
Ptolemaic Roman Empire

History of Egypt Third Dynasty

Third Dynasty
Name Comments Dates
Sanakhte - 2686 - 2668
Djoser Commissioned the Step Pyramid designed by Imhotep 2668 - 2649
Sekhemkhet - 2649 - 2643
Khaba - 2643 - 2637
Huni - 2637 - 2613

While Manetho names one Necherophes, and the Turin King List names Nebka, as the first pharaoh of the Third dynasty of Egypt, some contemporary Egyptologists believe Djoser was the first king of this dynasty, pointing out that the order in which some predecessors of Khufu are mentioned in the Papyrus Westcar suggests that Nebka should be placed between Djoser and Huni, and not before Djoser. That the Turin King List has noted Djoser's name in red may also be significant.

In any case, Djoser is the best known king of this dynasty, for commissioning his vizier Imhotep to build the earliest surviving pyramids, the Step Pyramid. Some authorities believe that Imhotep lived into the reign of the Pharaoh Huni.

Little is known for certain of Sekhemkhet. However, it is believed that Khaba possibly built the Layer Pyramid at Zawiyet el-Aryan.

Huni, the last king of this dynasty, like Djoser had a renowned vizier, named Kagemni. In the Ramassid period, a text named the Instructions was ascribed to Kagemni.fr:Égypte antique, IIIe dynastie

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