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The Crisis

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Bois.jpg
A 1911 copy of the NAACP journal The Crisis depicting Ra-Maat-Neb, "one of the black kings of the Upper Nile."
The Crisis is the official magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and was founded by W.E.B. DuBois in 1910.

The original title of the journal was The Crisis: A Record Of The Darker Races. More recently, it has appeared as The New Crisis: The Magazine of Opportunities and Ideas. The title derives from the poem "The Present Crisis" by James Russell Lowell. Published monthly, by 1920 its circulation had reached 100,000 copies. Du Bois proclaimed his intentions in his first editorial:

The object of this publication is to set forth those facts and arguments which show the danger of race prejudice, particularly as manifested today toward colored people. It takes its name from the fact that the editors believe that this is a critical time in the history of the advancement of men...Finally, its editorial page will stand for the rights of men, irrespective of color or race, for the highest ideals of American democracy, and for reasonable but earnest and persistent attempts to gain these rights and realize these ideals.

Predominantly a current-affairs journal, The Crisis also included poems, reviews, and essays on culture and history. DuBois' initial position as editor was in line with the NAACP's liberal programme of social reform and racial equality, but by the 1930s DuBois was advocating a form of black separatism. This led to disputes between DuBois and the NAACP resulting in his resignation as editor in 1934. He was replaced by Roy Wilkins.

Throughout the DuBois years The Crisis published the work of many young African-American writers associated with the Harlem Renaissance. Its greatest era as a literary journal was between 1919 and 1926, when Jessie Redmon Fauset was literary editor. Faucet encouraged such writers as Arna Bontemps, Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen and Jean Toomer.

Following the departure of Fauset and DuBois, the influence of The Crisis declined. The magazine was unable to sustain the high literary standards it had achieved under Faucet, but it continued to have a powerful political voice.

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