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The Atlantic Monthly

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The Atlantic Monthly (also known as The Atlantic) is an American literary/cultural magazine founded in November 1857 by James Russell Lowell. A monthly publication, the magazine features articles in the fields of political science and foreign affairs, as well as book reviews and short stories.

The Atlantic Monthly was the first to publish Julia Ward Howe's "Battle Hymn of the Republic" (on February 1, 1862), and William Parker's the Freedman's Story (in February and March, 1866). The magazine was a point of connection between Emily Dickinson and Thomas Wentworth Higginson--having read an article in the Atlantic by Higginson, Dickinson asked him to become her mentor. It has also published many of the works of Mark Twain, including one that managed to escape republication until 2001.

The magazine has also published speculative articles that inspired the development of whole new technologies. The classic example is the publication of Vannevar Bush's essay "As We May Think" in July 1945, which inspired Ted Nelson and Douglas Engelbart to develop hypertext technology.

The Atlantic has always been known as a distinctively New England literary magazine (as opposed to Harper's and later The New Yorker, both from New York), and by its third year was published by the famous Boston publishing house of Ticknor and Fields (later to become part of Houghton Mifflin). The magazine was purchased by its then editor, Ellery Sedgewick, during World War I, but remained in Boston.

The magazine's publishers announced in April, 2005, that the editorial offices would leave their long-time home at 77 North Washington St., Boston to join the company's advertising and new media divisions in Washington, D.C.; the announced reason for the move was the high cost of Boston real estate.

Also in 2005 The Atlantic announced that it would cease including short stories in its regular issues, but rather in a single annual special edition.

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