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Sudbury, Massachusetts

From Academic Kids

Sudbury is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 16,841.

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History

Sudbury was first settled in 1638 and was officially incorporated in 1639. Sudbury is the location of Longfellow's Wayside Inn, a historic landmark inn. The property was owned, restored and radically expanded by Henry Ford between 1923 and 1940.

Ford lived and worked in Sudbury in the first half of the twentieth century. Baseball Hall of Famers Babe Ruth and Dennis Eckersley have been residents of Sudbury. In a footnote to The Curse of the Bambino, legend has it that Babe Ruth's piano rests at the bottom of a Sudbury lake near what was once his home. Other famous residents have included musician Mike Gordon, comedian Paula Poundstone and actor Chris Evans.

In the Post-war period, Sudbury experienced rapid growth in population and industry. Defense contractor Raytheon became a major employer after opening a large research facility in Sudbury in 1958. Another major employer in that period was Sperry Rand. In the 1970s, the town was home to many of the engineers sparking the Minicomputer revolution at nearby corporations such as Digital Equipment Corporation.

Sudbury was given the zip code 01776 because after the battle of Lexington and Concord members of the Sudbury militia sinped on Red Coats who were marching through. Also, the town was noted for contributing the most militiamen to the battle against the British.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 63.8 km² (24.6 mi²). 63.1 km² (24.4 mi²) of it is land and 0.7 km² (0.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.06% water.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 16,841 people, 5,504 households, and 4,749 families residing in the town. The population density is 266.8/km² (691.1/mi²). There are 5,590 housing units at an average density of 88.6/km² (229.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 94.23% White, 0.80% African American, 0.03% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 1.24% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 5,504 households out of which 51.1% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 78.5% are married couples living together, 6.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 13.7% are non-families. 11.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.02 and the average family size is 3.28.

In the town the population is spread out with 32.5% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 92.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $118,579, and the median income for a family is $130,399. Males have a median income of $98,593 versus $47,500 for females. The per capita income for the town is $53,285. 2.8% of the population and 2.1% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.9% of those under the age of 18 and 4.8% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

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