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Specialist

From Academic Kids

One with special training. See also Educational Specialist (Ed.S.)

For its use in the most general context see expert.


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USAr.insignia.e4spec.wag2.png
E-4 Specialist insignia


Specialist insignia
(U.S. Army)

When used in a military context, Specialist is one section of the fourth enlisted rank in U.S. Army, just above Private First Class and below Sergeant. It shares this placement with Corporal, which is a rank for non-commissioned officers (NCO).

Originally, there were six separate grades of Specialist, officially known as Specialist 4 through Specialist 9 in ascending order of rank; each such grade parallelled the corresponding grade of non-commissioned officer (E-4 through E-9) in terms of pay, but without the NCO authority conferred on the latter. Only the lowest Specialist grade survives today, as the higher grades were phased out, beginning with Specialist 8 and 9 in 1965. Specialist 8 and 9 had existed on paper only; there were never any actual promotions to these ranks.

Specialist 7 was abolished in 1978 and Specialist 5 and 6 in 1985. At that time, the rank of Specialist 4 simply became known as "Specialist", to which it is referred to today.

During World War II, the specialist grade was known as Technician; the designation was done away with in 1948 but the concept was brought back under the new title of Specialist in 1955.

Prior to 1942, an Army Specialist was known as a "Private Specialist" or simply "Specialist". Specialists of this time period wore chevorns of a Private First Class but drew PFC pay in addition to specialist pay in relationship to the specialist level possessed. While no special insignia was authozied for these Private Specialists, typically a solider would wear PFC chevrons beneath which would be worn additional chevrons to denote specialty level.

See also

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Flag of the United States of America

U.S. military enlisted ranks

  E-1 E-2 E-3 E-4 E-5 E-6 E-7 E-8 E-9
Air Force: AB Amn A1C SRA SSgt TSgt MSgt SMSgt CMSgt -

CCM - CMSAF

Army: PV1 PV2 PFC SPC -

CPL

SGT SSG SFC MSG -

1SG

SGM -

CSM - SMA

Marine Corps: Pvt PFC LCpl Cpl Sgt SSgt GySgt MSgt -

1st Sgt

MGySgt -

SgtMaj - SMOMC

Navy: SR SA SN PO3 PO2 PO1 CPO SCPO MCPO -

CMCPO - MCPON

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