Spanish Grand Prix

From Academic Kids

Template:F1 race The Spanish Grand Prix (Gran Premio de España) is a Formula One race currently held at the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona, Spain as part of the annual Formula One championship season.

The very first Spanish Grand Prix in 1913 was not actually run to the Grand Prix formula of the day, but to touring car rules, taking place on a 300-kilometre road circuit at Guadarrama, near Madrid, on the road to Valladolid.

Motor racing events had taken place in Spain prior to that - the most notable among them being the Catalan Cup of 1908 and 1909, on roads around Sitges, near Barcelona. Both of these events were won by Jules Goux, establishing a strong racing tradition in Catalonia, which has continued to this day. This enthusiasm for racing led to the plan to build a permanent track at Sitges - a 2-kilometre oval which became known as Sitges-Terramar, and was the site of the 1923 Spanish Grand Prix.

After this first race, the track fell into financial difficulties, and the main race in Spain moved to the Circuito Lasarte track at Lasarte on the northern coast. Following the 1936 race, Spain descended into civil war and racing stopped. In 1946, racing returned to Spain in the form of the Penya Rhin Grand Prix at the Pedralbes Circuit in Barcelona.

Spain did not return to the international calendar until 1951, joining the list of races of the Formula One championship, on the Pedralbes circuit. In 1955, the terrible accident at Le Mans resulted in regulations governing spectator safety, and the pedestrian-lined street track at Pedralbes was dropped from the racing calendar.

In the 1960s, Spain made a bid to return to the world of international motor racing - the Royal Automobile Club of Spain commissioned a new circuit north of Madrid at Jarama, and Catalonia refurbished their circuit at Montjuich Park in Barcelona. A non-championship Grand Prix took place at Jarama in 1967, which was won by Jim Clark racing in a Lotus.

In 1968, Jarama hosted the Spanish Grand Prix, near the beginning of the Formula One programme. It was agreed, following this event, that the race would alternate between Jarama and Montjuich.

The 1975 Grand Prix at Montjuich was marked by tragedy. There had been concerns about track safety during practice races, and double-winner Emerson Fittipaldi retired in protest after a single lap. On the 26th lap of the race, Rolf Stommelen's car crashed killing four spectators. The race was stopped, and the race was awarded to Jochen Mass, though only half the points were awarded.

The Spanish Grand Prix was confined to Jarama until 1981, after which it was dropped from the racing calendar. In 1985, the Mayor of Jerez commissioned a new racing circuit in his town to promote tourism and sherries. The track, the Circuito Permante de Jerez, was finished in time for the 1986 championship, which saw a furious battle between Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell, with the two cars finishing side by side. The adjudicators awarded the win to Senna, by 0.014 seconds - one of F1's closest finishes.

The 1990 Spanish Grand Prix was the last in Jerez (although Jerez did stage the European Grand Prix in 1994 and 1997). During the practice race, Martin Donnelly's car was destroyed in a high-speed collision on a corner, and Donnelly was severely injured. Work on the Circuit de Catalunya was underway in Barcelona, and in 1991, the event moved to this new track, where it has remained since.

Winners of the Spanish Grands Prix

Events which were not part of the Formula One World Championhip are indicated by a pink background.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2005 Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
2004 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2003 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2002 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2001 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2000 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1999 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1998 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1997 Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1996 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
1995 Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Catalunya Report
1994 Damon Hill Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1993 Alain Prost Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1992 Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1991 Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1990 Alain Prost Ferrari Jerez Report
1989 Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Jerez Report
1988 Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Jerez Report
1987 Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Jerez Report
1986 Ayrton Senna Lotus-Renault Jerez Report
1981 Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Jarama Report
1980 Alan Jones Williams-Cosworth Jarama Report
1979 Patrick Depailler Ligier-Cosworth Jarama Report
1978 Mario Andretti Lotus-Cosworth Jarama Report
1977 Mario Andretti Lotus-Cosworth Jarama Report
1976 James Hunt McLaren-Cosworth Jarama Report
1975 Jochen Mass McLaren-Cosworth Montjuïc Report
1974 Niki Lauda Ferrari Jarama Report
1973 Émerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Cosworth Montjuïc Report
1972 Émerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Cosworth Jarama Report
1971 Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Cosworth Montjuïc Report
1970 Jackie Stewart March-Cosworth Jarama Report
1969 Jackie Stewart Matra-Cosworth Montjuïc Report
1968 Graham Hill Lotus-Cosworth Jarama Report
1967 Jim Clark Lotus-Cosworth Jarama Report
1954 Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Pedralbes Report
1951 Juan Manuel Fangio Alfa Romeo Pedralbes Report
1935 Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes Lasarte Report
1934 Luigi Fagioli Mercedes Lasarte Report
1933 Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo Lasarte Report
1930 Achille Varzi Maserati Lasarte Report
1929 Louis Chiron Bugatti Lasarte Report
1928 Louis Chiron Bugatti Lasarte Report
1927 Robert Benoist Delage Lasarte Report
1926 Meo Constantini Bugatti Lasarte Report
1923 Albert Divo Sunbeam Sitges-Terramar Report
1913 Carlos de Salamanca Rolls Royce Guadarrama Report

External links

Races in the Formula One championship:
2005 championship Grand Prix events:

Australian | Malaysian | Bahrain | San Marino | Spanish | Monaco | European | Canadian | U.S.
French | British | German | Hungarian | Turkish | Italian | Belgian | Brazilian | Japanese | Chinese

Past championship Grand Prix events:

Argentine | Austrian | Czechoslovakian | Dutch | Indy 500 | Las Vegas | Luxembourg | Mexican | Morocco
Pacific | Pescara | Portuguese | South African | Swedish | Swiss | USA East | USA West

de:Großer Preis von Spanien

es:Gran Premio de España fr:Grand Prix automobile d'Espagne it:Gran Premio di Spagna no:Spanias Grand Prix sv:Spaniens Grand Prix


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