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Space Shuttle Discovery

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Space Shuttles

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Shuttle Orbiter Discovery (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-103) is a NASA Space Shuttle.

First flown on August 30, 1984, Discovery is the third operational shuttle (excluding test shuttle Enterprise), and the oldest remaining in service. The orbiter is still operational today, and has performed both research and International Space Station (ISS) assembly missions.

The craft takes its name from HMS Discovery, a ship that accompanied explorer James Cook on his third and final major voyage. Unofficially, the shuttle is named after Discovery, the spaceship from the film 2001: A Space Odyssey.

Discovery was the shuttle that launched the Hubble Space Telescope, and two of its three service missions were conducted from it. It has also launched the Ulysses probe and three TDRS satellites. It was the first shuttle used in the return to space after the Challenger Disaster, and is scheduled to be the first shuttle used in the return to space after the Columbia Disaster, tentatively scheduled for July 2005.


Contents

Flights

Rollout of the orbiter Discovery, 1998 (NASA)
Enlarge
Rollout of the orbiter Discovery, 1998 (NASA)

Space Shuttle Discovery has flown 30 flights, spent 241.95-days in space, completed 3,808 orbits, and flown 98,710,673 miles in total, as of February 2003.

Notable missions

STS-41-D: First Flight
STS-26: Return to space after Challenger disaster
STS-114 (July, 2005): Return to space after STS-107 (Columbia disaster)


Date Designation Notes
1984 August 30 STS-41-D Launched two communications satellites
1984 November 8 STS-51-A Launched two and rescued two communications satellites
1985 January 24 STS-51-C Launched DOD Magnum ELINT satellite
1985 April 12 STS-51-D Launched two communications satellites
1985 June 17 STS-51-G Launched two communications satellites
1985 August 27 STS-51-I Launched three communications satellites
1988 September 29 STS-26 Return to flight, launched TDRS
1989 March 13 STS-29 Launched TDRS
1989 November 22 STS-33 Launched DOD Magnum ELINT satellite
1990 April 24 STS-31 Launch of Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
1990 October 6 STS-41 Launch of Ulysses
1991 April 28 STS-39 Launched DOD Air Force Program-675 (AFP675) satellite
1991 September 12 STS-48 Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS)
1992 January 22 STS-42 International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1)
1992 December 2 STS-53 Department of Defense payload
1993 April 8 STS-56 Atmospheric Laboratory (ATLAS-2)
1993 September 12 STS-51 Advanced Communications Technology Satellite (ACTS)
1994 February 3 STS-60 Wake Shield Facility (WSF)
1994 September 9 STS-64 LIDAR In-Space Technology Experiment (LITE)
1995 February 3 STS-63 Rendezvous with Mir space station
1995 July 13 STS-70 7th Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS)
1997 February 11 STS-82 Servicing Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
1997 August 7 STS-85 Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes
1998 June 2 STS-91 Final Shuttle/Mir Docking Mission
1998 October 29 STS-95 Second flight of John Glenn
1999 May 27 STS-96 Resupply mission for the International Space Station
1999 December 19 STS-103 Servicing Hubble Space Telescope (HST)
2000 October 11 STS-92 International Space Station Assembly Flight
2001 March 8 STS-102 International Space Station crew rotation flight
2001 August 10 STS-105 International Space Station crew and supplies delivery

See also

External links

da:Discovery (rumfrge) de:Discovery es:Transbordador espacial Discovery fr:Navette spatiale Discovery nl:Space Shuttle Discovery ja:ディスカバリー (オービタ) pt:Discovery sv:Discovery (rymdfrja) zh:發現號太空梭

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