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Sonora

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This article is about the Mexican state of Sonora. For other places with the same name, see Sonora (disambiguation).
ESTADO DE SONORA
Image:SonoraState.png
Other Mexican States
CapitalHermosillo
Other major citiesCiudad Obregón
Nogales
list of municipalities
Area182,052 km²
Ranked 2nd
Population
(2000 census)
2,213,370
Ranked 19th
Governor
(2003-09)
Eduardo Bours Castelo (PRI)
Federal Deputies (7)
PRI/PVEM= 4
PAN= 3
Federal SenatorsPAN= 2
PRI= 1
ISO 3166-2
Postal abbr.
MX-SON
Son.

Sonora is a state in northwestern Mexico, bordering the states of Chihuahua to the east, Sinaloa to the south, and Baja California to the northwest. To the north Sonora borders the U.S. state of Arizona; to the west it borders the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez).

Sonora is important economically for its cattle production and mining, and popular among tourists for its fine beaches. Culturally it is important as a source of a style of music known as the Norteña.

Cities with airports that serve as points of entry include Hermosillo (the state capital), Ciudad Obregón and Guaymas. Smaller towns popular with tourists that have airports include Puerto Peñasco and Álamos. Border crossings include: the city of Nogales, across the border from Nogales, Arizona; the town of Agua Prieta, across from Douglas, Arizona; and Sonoyta, opposite Lukeville, Arizona.

The Yaqui people are Native Americans who live in the state of Sonora. Sonora y Sinaloa was the name of the constituent state of the Mexican Republic under its Constitution of 1824. On 30 September 1830 that state was divided into two – the states of Sonora and Sinaloa. Father Eusebio Kino is important in the state's history.

Eduardo Bours Castelo, a member of the PRI, is the current governor of the state (2003–09).

The Sonoran Desert and the Sierra Madre Occidental covers much of the state. Its climate is dry and reaches extreme temperatures. The Colorado River Runs through the northern border region. The ISO 3166-2 is MX-SON.

Municipalities

Sonora is subdivided into 72 municipalities (municipios). See municipalities of Sonora.

See also

Category:Cities in Sonora

External link


da:Sonora

de:Sonora (Bundesstaat) es:Sonora fr:Sonora it:Sonora ja:ソノラ州 nl:Sonora pt:Sonora

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