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Solothurn

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Swiss town

The city of Solothurn is the capital of the Canton of Solothurn in Switzerland.

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Soleure_cathedral.JPG
The cathedral St.Ursus
Contents

Architecture

The city calls itself Switzerland's largest Baroque City. The old town was built between 1530 and 1792 and shows an architectural combination of Italian Grandezza, French style and Swiss ideas. In 2003, it had a population of 15,300.


Geography

Situated on the Aar river, at the foot of the Jura mountains.

Missing image
Soleure_aar.JPG
The Aar seen from the cathedral

Sights

  • Old town
  • Clock tower (Zeitglockenturm)
  • Churches: cathedral St. Ursus, church of the Jesuits (Jesuitenkirche)
  • Weissenstein mountain
  • The Verena Gorge and the Hermitage
  • Waldegg Castle

History

  • c. 14-37 foundation of the celtic Salodurum
  • 932 Foundation of the St. Ursenstift by the Burgundian queen Bertha
  • 1218 Solothurn becomes a free city
  • 1481 Solothurn becomes a new member of the old Switzerland
  • 1530-1792 the French Ambassador to the Swiss resides in the city. There is a little more about the French Ambassador Jean Chevalley who took the post in 1530, on [1] (http://homepage.ntlworld.com/quantium/derivaz/a.htm).
  • October 15, 1817 - Tadeusz Kościuszko, the national hero of Poland and United States died in Solothurn and was initially interred at the local cemetery.
  • 1828 Solothurn becomes the see of the Bishop of Basel

The Number 11

Solothurn has a special affinity to the number eleven. The Canton of Solothurn was the eleventh to become part of the Swiss Confederation. There are eleven churches and chapels, as well as eleven historical fountains and eleven towers. The St. Ursus cathedral has eleven altars and eleven bells, and the stairs in front of the cathedral have levels between every eleven steps.

A local brewery has named itself ÷ufi, which is Swiss German for eleven, and produces a beer with the same name.

See also

External links

Template:Commons

als:Solothurn (Stadt) fr:Soleure (ville) nl:Solothurn ro:Solothurn

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