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Scottish Executive

From Academic Kids

Template:PoliticsScotland The term Scottish Executive is used in two distinct but closely related senses.

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Executive Arm of Parliament

The Scottish Executive (Riaghaltas na h-Alba in Gaelic), as established by the Scotland Act 1998 is the executive arm of the Scottish Parliament. It consists of a First Minister who heads it and various ministers with individual portfolios and remits. The Parliament elects the First Minister and Executive, although any party/parties that can form a majority select the First Minister, who chooses the other members thereafter.

Similar to the UK-wide form of government there is no division between Executive and Legislature, with the members of the Scottish Executive being chosen from amongst the Members of the Scottish Parliament (except for the Lord Advocate and Solicitor General for Scotland, who need not be MSPs). The members of the Scottish Executive are assisted by a number of junior Scottish Ministers, also chosen from amongst the Members of the Parliament. The members of the Executive are therefore able to influence, and in practice dictate legislation in Scotland.

The Scottish Executive is currently formed from a coalition between the Labour Party and the Scottish Liberal Democrats. Current First Minister is Jack McConnell.

Ministers

The current Ministers are-

For previous holders of Ministerial office, see List of Scottish Executive Ministerial Teams.

Government of Scotland

Missing image
Scottish_Executive_logo_(bilingual).png
The Executive's logo in English and Gaelic.

The term Scottish Executive is also used to described the devolved national government of Scotland, headed by Ministers but including several thousand civil servants. The civil servants who work in the Executive are part of the UK Civil service, but owe their allegiance to the Scottish Ministers.

The Executive is divided into a number of departments

  • Development Department
  • Education Department
  • Enterprise, Transport & Lifelong Learning Department
  • Environment & Rural Affairs Department
  • Finance & Central Services Department
  • Health Department
  • Justice Department
  • Legal & Parliamentary Services
  • Office of the Permanent Secretary

The Scottish Executive also includes a number of agencies and oversees the work of a large number of Scottish public bodies.


See also: Politics of Scotland, UK Politics

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