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Saskatchewan

From Academic Kids

Template:Canadian province or territory Saskatchewan is a Canadian prairie province. It has an area of 651,900 km (251,700 mi) and a population of 978,934 (Saskatchewanians) (January 1, 2005). Most of its population lives in the southern part of the province. The largest city is Saskatoon with a population of 225,927 (January 1, 2005), followed by the province's capital, Regina (population: 192,800, January 1, 2005). Other major cities (in order of size) include Prince Albert, Moose Jaw, Yorkton, Swift Current, and North Battleford. See also List of communities in Saskatchewan.

Saskatchewan is (approximately) a quadrilateral bounded on the west by Alberta, on the north by the Northwest Territories, on the east by Manitoba, and on the south by the American states of Montana and North Dakota.

The province's name, pronounced "sus-KATCH-uh-wun" (IPA: ) by its inhabitants, comes from the Saskatchewan River, whose name comes from its Cree designation: kisiskāciwani-sīpiy (Cree syllabics: ᑭᓯᐢᑳᒋᐘᓂ ᓯᐱᐩ), meaning "swift flowing river".

10 Largest Municipalities by population

Municipality 2001 1996
Saskatoon 196,811 193,653
Regina 178,225 180,404
Prince Albert 34,291 34,777
Moose Jaw 32,131 32,973
Yorkton 15,107 15,154
Swift Current 14,821 14,890
North Battleford 13,692 14,051
Estevan 10,242 10,752
Weyburn 9,534 9,723
Corman Park No. 344 8,093 7,142
Contents

Economy

Saskatchewan's economy is traditionally associated with agriculture, however increasing diversification has meant that now agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting together make up only 6.8% of the province's GDP. Wheat is the most familiar crop, and perhaps the one stereotypically associated with the province, but other grains like canola, flax, rye, oats and barley are also produced. Mining is also a major industry in the province, with Saskatchewan being the world leader in potash exports. In the northern part of the province, forestry is significant.

Saskatchewan is also the world's most important supplier of uranium, and supplies much of the western world's supplies. The uranium industry is closely regulated by the provincial government which allows the government of Saskatchewan great latitude in setting world uranium prices.

Saskatchewan's GDP in 2003 was approximately $32 billion (Canadian), with economic sectors breaking down in the following way:

Finance, Insurance, Real Estate and Leasing - 17.1% Mining and Petroleum - 13.0% Education, Health, and Social Services - 11.9% Wholesale and Retail Trade - 11.7% Transportation, Communication, and Utility - 9.1% Manufacturing - 7.7% Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting - 6.8% Business Services - 6.5% Government Services - 5.8% Construction - 5.0% Other - 5.3%

Bombardier runs the NATO Flight Training Centre in Moose Jaw. Bombardier was awarded a contract for $2.8 billion from the Federal Government for the purchase of military aircraft and the running of the training facility. This contract was made sometime between 2001 and 2002.

History

Prior to European settlement, Saskatchewan was settled by Athabaskan, Algonquian, and Sioux tribes. The first European to enter Saskatchewan was Henry Kelsey in 1690, who travelled up the Saskatchewan River in hopes of trading fur with the province's indigenous peoples. The first permanent European settlement was a Hudson's Bay Company post at Cumberland House founded by Samuel Hearne in 1774.

In the late 1850s and early 1860s, scientific expeditions led by John Palliser and Henry Youle Hind explored the prairie region of the province.

In the 1870s settlement of the province started to take off as the Canadian Pacific Railway was built, and the Canadian government divided up the land by the Dominion Land Survey and gave free land to any willing settlers. The North West Mounted Police set up several posts and forts across Saskatchewan including Fort Walsh in the Cypress Hills, and Wood Mountain Post in south central Saskatchewan near the American border.

The indigenous peoples were forced onto their own reservations, and the Mtis people who had settled there, led by Louis Riel, attempted the North-West Rebellion to form their own government independent from Canada. Riel surrendered after two months and was convicted of treason in a Regina courtroom. He was subsequently hanged.

As more settlers came to Saskatchewan on the railway, its population grew and it became a full province in 1905.

Politics

Saskatchewan has the same form of government as the other Canadian provinces with a premier, legislature, and lieutenant-governor.

For many years Saskatchewan has been one of the more left leaning provinces. In 1944 they elected Tommy Douglas Premier of the first socialist government in North America. Under his Cooperative Commonwealth Federation government Saskatchewan became the first province to have socialized health care. In 1961, Douglas left provincial politics to become the first leader of the federal New Democratic Party .

During the post-war period the CCF and its successor the Saskatchewan New Democrats have dominated provincial politics with Douglas, Allan Blakeney and Roy Romanow all serving long periods as Premier and becoming national figures .

The Saskatchewan Liberal Party was the province's main centrist party for several decades but became insignificant following the defeat of Ross Thatcher's government in 1971. The Progressive Conservatives displaced the Liberals but imploded and officially withdrew from politics following the defeat of the scandal ridden government of Grant Devine.

Today, the official opposition in the province is the Saskatchewan Party, a new right-wing party built out of the remains of the Tories and right wing former Liberals. The current premier of Saskatchewan is New Democrat Lorne Calvert, whose government was re-elected in the 2003 election with a slim majority government--the NDP won 30 seats in the 58-seat Legislative Assembly, while the Saskatchewan Party won the remaining 28 seats.

Demographics

While Europeans are the largest number, Aboriginals constitute a massive proportion of the population. Ethnicities that are neither these two groups constitute an extremely small number.

Racial Groups

Religious Groups

Police Agencies

Estevan Police Service

Moose Jaw Police Service

Prince Albert Police Service

Regina Police Service

RM of Corman Park Police Service

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Saskatoon Police Service

Weyburn Police Service

Correctional Facilities

Saskatoon correctional centre

Regina Correctional Centre

Prince Albert Correctional Centre

Pine Grove Correctional Centre

Saskatchewan Penitentiary

Regional Psychiatric Centre


Missing image
Saskmap2.PNG
Image:saskmap2.PNG

See also



Provinces and territories of Canada
Provinces: Alberta British Columbia Missing image
Manitoba_flag.png
Manitoba

New Brunswick Newfoundland and Labrador
Alberta British Columbia Manitoba New Brunswick Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia Ontario Missing image
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Prince Edward Island

Quebec Saskatchewan
Nova Scotia Ontario Prince Edward Island Quebec Saskatchewan
Territories: Yukon Missing image
Nwt-flag-thb.png
Northwest Territories

Nunavut
Yukon Northwest Territories Nunavut
af:Saskatchewan

da:Saskatchewan de:Saskatchewan et:Saskatchewani provints es:Saskatchewan eo:Saskaĉevano fr:Saskatchewan it:Saskatchewan he:ססקצ'ואן ka:სასკაჩევანი la:Saskatchewan nl:Saskatchewan ja:サスカチュワン州 pl:Saskatchewan pt:Saskatchewan simple:Saskatchewan sk:Saskatchewan fi:Saskatchewan tr:Saskatchewan vi:Saskatchewan

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