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San Nicolas Island

From Academic Kids

San Nicolas Island is the most remote of California's Channel Islands. It is part of Ventura County.

The 13,370 acre (54 km²) island is currently controlled by the United States Navy and is used as a weapons testing and training facility.

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History

San Nic or SNI was originally the home of the Nicoleņos people.

The Nicoleņos were evacuated in the early 19th century by the padres of the California mission system after a series of conflicts with Aleutian and Russian hunter-traders. Within a few years of their removal from the island, the Nicoleņo people and their unique language became extinct.

Island of the Blue Dolphins

The most famous resident of San Nicolas Island was the Lone Woman of San Nicolas Island, also known as Juana Maria; her real name was never known to anyone on the mainland. Left behind (explanations for this vary) when the rest of the Nicoleņos were moved to the mainland, she resided on the barren island alone for 18 years before she was found by a sea-otter hunter in 1853. Brought back to the Santa Barbara Mission, she died within weeks, her system unprepared for the different nutritional and environmental conditions in central California.

Her story was the basis for Scott O'Dell's Newbery Medal-winning 1961 novel Island of the Blue Dolphins.

Rocket experiments

Between 1957 and 1973 several U.S. military research rockets were launched from San Nicolas Island. The launchpad was situated at Template:Coor dm.

External links

Template:California-geo-stub


de:San Nicolas (Insel)
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