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San Bernardino County, California

From Academic Kids

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Image:California map showing San Bernardino County.png

San Bernardino County is the largest county in the United States by area, containing more land than 9 states.

Located in the southeast of the state of California, the deserts and mountains of this vast county stretch from the outskirts of the Los Angeles metropolitan area to the Nevada border and the Colorado River. As of 2000 the population was 1,709,434. The county seat is San Bernardino. It is a part of the Inland Empire region of the Greater Los Angeles Area.

Contents

History

Father Francisco Dumetz names San Bernardino on May 20, 1810, feast day of St. Bernardine of Siena.

San Bernardino County was formed from parts of Los Angeles County in 1853. Parts of the county's territory were given to Riverside County in 1893.

The Franciscans gave the name San Bernardino to the snowcapped peak in southern California, in honor of the saint Bernardino of Siena. from him the county derives its name.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 52,073 km² (20,105 mi²). 51,936 km² (20,052 mi²) of it is land and 137 km² (53 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.26% water. It is the largest county in the lower 48, and is bigger than the state of Rhode Island.

The county has three major regions: the Mojave Desert, the San Bernardino Mountains, and the San Bernardino Valley. Most of the county's area is desert, with the mountains and valley in the southwest corner.

The Mojave National Preserve covers most of the desert. The desert portion also includes the cities of Needles next to the Colorado River, and Barstow at the junction in Interstate 15 and Interstate 40. The largest metropolitan area in the desert is the Victor Valley with the cities of Apple Valley, Victorville, Adelanto, and Hesperia.

The mountains are located in the San Bernardino National Forest, and include the communities of Crestline, Lake Arrowhead, Running Springs, Big Bear City, and Big Bear Lake.

The valley is at the eastern end of the San Gabriel Valley, and is part of the Inland Empire. The valley includes the cities of Ontario, Chino, Chino Hills, Upland, Fontana, Rialto, Colton, Grand Terrace,Rancho Cucamonga, San Bernardino, Loma Linda, Highland, Redlands, and Yucaipa.

Major Highways

Adjacent Counties

Colleges and universities

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 1,709,434 people, 528,594 households, and 404,374 families residing in the county. The population density is 33/km² (85/mi²). There are 601,369 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (30/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 58.91% White, 9.09% African American, 1.17% Native American, 4.69% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 20.82% from other races, and 5.03% from two or more races. 39.16% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 528,594 households out of which 43.70% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% are married couples living together, 14.80% have a female householder with no husband present, and 23.50% are non-families. 18.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 6.60% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.15 and the average family size is 3.58.

In the county the population is spread out with 32.30% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 18.70% from 45 to 64, and 8.60% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 30 years. For every 100 females there are 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 97.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $42,066, and the median income for a family is $46,574. Males have a median income of $37,025 versus $27,993 for females. The per capita income for the county is $16,856. 15.80% of the population and 12.60% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 20.60% of those under the age of 18 and 8.40% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Gang violence

San Bernardino County is known for its Chicano gangs. Fueled by drug money and revenge, these street gangs have flourished and spread across the Inland Empire and beyond in the face of sporadic and ineffective law enforcement efforts and inadequate intervention strategies. Incidents of gang violence in San Bernardino County have increased numerically since the 1960s while at the same time growing more brutal. There are now an estimated 11,600 gangster in 287 gangs in the county.

Sergeant Phil Brown of the San Bernardino County Sheriff's Department said the gangs are growing more violent in the farthest reaches of the county, including the high desert.

"It's getting out in more remote areas," Brown said. "They go gang against gang. There's more gang violence to the general public and it's becoming more random.." [1] (http://lang.sbsun.com/socal/gangs/articles/ALL_p1main.asp)

Cities and towns in San Bernadino County

See also

External links

Template:Cities of San Bernardino County, California

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Capital Sacramento
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Regions
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Urban areas and major cities
Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine | Antioch-Pittsburg | Arroyo Grande-Grover Beach | Atascadero-Paso Robles | Bakersfield | Camarillo | Chico | Concord-Walnut Creek-Pleasanton | Davis | El Centro | Fairfield | Fresno-Clovis | Gilroy-Morgan Hill | Hemet | Indio-Palm Springs-Cathedral City | Livermore | Lodi | Lompoc | Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale | Madera | Manteca | Merced | Mission Viejo-Lake Forest | Modesto | Napa | Oakland-Berkeley | Oxnard-San Buenaventura | Palmdale-Lancaster | Petaluma | Porterville | Redding | Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario | Sacramento-Folsom-Roseville | Salinas | San Diego-Encinitas-Oceanside | San Francisco-Richmond-Redwood City | San José-Cupertino-Mountain View | San Luis Obispo | San Rafael-Novato | Santa Barbara-Goleta | Santa Clarita | Santa Cruz | Santa Maria | Santa Rosa | Seaside-Monterey-Marina | Stockton | Temecula-Murrieta | Thousand Oaks-Simi Valley | Tracy | Turlock | Vallejo | Victorville-Hesperia-Apple Valley | Visalia-Tulare-Porterville | Watsonville | Yuba City
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Counties
Alameda | Alpine | Amador | Butte | Calaveras | Colusa | Contra Costa | Del Norte | El Dorado | Fresno | Glenn | Humboldt | Imperial | Inyo | Kern | Kings | Lake | Lassen | Los Angeles | Madera | Marin | Mariposa | Mendocino | Merced | Modoc | Mono | Monterey | Napa | Nevada | Orange | Placer | Plumas | Riverside | Sacramento | San Benito | San Bernardino | San Diego | San Francisco | San Joaquin | San Luis Obispo | San Mateo | Santa Barbara | Santa Clara | Santa Cruz | Shasta | Sierra | Siskiyou | Solano | Sonoma | Stanislaus | Sutter | Tehama | Trinity | Tulare | Tuolumne | Ventura | Yolo | Yuba


bg:Сан Бернардино (окръг) de:San Bernardino County

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