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Salamis Island

From Academic Kids

Statistics
Metropolitan Area: Athens (Piraeus)
Location: Template:Coor dms
Area:
-Total
-Water
-Rank

15 kmē

Rank 3rd
Population: (2001)
 - Total
 - Density¹
 - Rank

 24,119

 </small>
Elevation:
 -lowest:
 -centre:

sea level
20 m(centre)
around 300 to 400 m
Postal code: 189
Area/distance code: 11-30-210 (030-210)
-460 thru 469
Municipal code: 4013
Car designation: Y (prev.)
Z pres.

The Greek island of Salamis (Greek, Modern: Σαλάμινα Salamina, Ancient/Katharevousa: ) is the largest island in the Saronic Gulf, about 1 nautical mile (2 km) off-coast from Piraeus. Paloukia Port is the main port, in size second only to Piraeus in Greece. The name Salamis is probably derived from Salam (chalam), meaning calm or peace, under which it was mentioned in Homer's writings. It also could have been named after Cychreus's mother (Cychreus was the first king of the island).

Salamis island is known for the Battle of Salamis, and is said to be the birthplace of Ajax the great and Euripides, the latter's birth being popularly placed on the day the island's famous battle was won.

In modern times, it is home to a Greek naval base which serves as headquarters for the Greek navy. The harbor was bombed by the German Luftwaffe in 1941, sinking the Kilkis (formerly the USS Idaho (BB-24)) and the Lemnos (formerly USS Mississippi (BB-23)).

Salamis or Salamina is also a municipality on the island.

Communities and villages (island)

Historical population

Year Municipal population Change Municipal and Island population
1981 20,807 - -
1991 22,567 1,760/8.46% 27,512 (municipality),, 34,272 (island)

There are only one municipal boundaries in the island and is Ampelakia Salaminas, it is bounded with the Saronic Gulf in the south and west.

See also

fr:Salamine nl:eiland Salamis sv:Salamis ro:Salamis

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