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Saint Lucia

From Academic Kids

For the Catholic saint, see Saint Lucy. For the Brisbane suburb, see St Lucia, Queensland.

Saint Lucia is an island nation in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north of the islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and south of Martinique.

Saint Lucia
Flag of Saint Lucia Coat of Arms of Saint Lucia
(In Detail)
National motto: The Land, The People, The Light
Missing image
LocationSaintLucia.png
Location of Saint Lucia

Official language English
Capital Castries
Queen Elizabeth II
Governor General Dame Pearlette Louisy
Prime Minister Kenny Anthony
Area
 - Total
 - % water
Ranked 176th
620 km²
1,6%
Population
 - Total (2002)
 - Density
Ranked 175th
160,145
260/km²
Independence
 - Date
From the UK
February 22, 1979
Currency East Caribbean dollar
Time zone UTC -4
National anthem Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia
Internet TLD .lc
Calling Code 1-758
Contents

History

Main article: History of Saint Lucia

Arawak Amerindians first settled on the island in the 3rd century AD, while the Caribs later took over. European discovery of the island is somewhat vague, but it was probably discovered around 1500 by the Spanish explorer Juan de la Cosa. After some early failed attempts to settle there, the French and British fought over the island, with its fine natural harbor at Castries, during the 17th and 18th centuries (changing possession 14 times), until Britain finally obtained control in 1814. The island was a province of the short-lived West Indies Federation from 1958 to 1962. The island was granted self-government in 1967 and independence in February 22, 1979.

Politics

Main article: Politics of Saint Lucia

As a Commonwealth Realm, Saint Lucia recognizes Queen Elizabeth II as the Queen of Saint Lucia, represented on the island by a Governor-General. Executive power, however, is in the hands of the prime minister and his cabinet. The prime minister is normally the head of the party winning the elections for the House of Assembly, which has 17 seats. The other chamber of parliament, the Senate, has 11 appointed members.

Saint Lucia is a full & participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS).

Quarters

Main article: Quarters of Saint Lucia

The island of Saint Lucia is divided into 11 quarters:

Geography

Map of Saint Lucia
Enlarge
Map of Saint Lucia

Main article: Geography of Saint Lucia

The volcanic island of Saint Lucia is more mountainous than many other Caribbean islands, with the highest point being Mount Gimie, at 950 m above sea level. Two other mountains, the Pitons, form the island's most famous landmark. They are located near Soufrire, on the western side of the island.

The capital city of Saint Lucia is Castries, where about one third of the population lives. Major towns include Gros Islet, Soufrire and Vieux Fort. The local climate is tropical, moderated by northeast trade winds, with a dry season from January to April and a rainy season from May to November.

Economy

Main article: Economy of Saint Lucia

The recent changes in the European Union import preference regime and the increased competition from Latin American bananas have made economic diversification increasingly important in Saint Lucia. The island nation has been able to attract foreign business and investment, especially in its offshore banking and tourism industries. The manufacturing sector is the most diverse in the Eastern Caribbean area, and the government is trying to revitalise the banana industry. Despite negative growth in 2001, economic fundamentals remain solid, and GDP growth should recover in the future.

Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Saint Lucia

The small population of Saint Lucia is mostly black or of mixed descent; just 1% are of European origin, with an East Indian minority of some 3%. The official language of the country is English, but a patois based mainly on French is also spoken. The majority of the population are Roman Catholics (ca. 90%); the rest are Anglicans (3%) or other Protestants (7%).

Culture

Main article: Culture of Saint Lucia

Miscellaneous topics

External links


Countries in West Indies

Antigua and Barbuda | Bahamas | Barbados | Cuba | Dominica | Dominican Republic | Grenada | Haiti | Jamaica | Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago

Dependencies: Anguilla | Aruba | British Virgin Islands | Cayman Islands | Guadeloupe | Martinique | Montserrat | Navassa Island | Netherlands Antilles | Puerto Rico | Turks and Caicos Islands | U.S. Virgin Islands


 
Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
Missing image
Caricom-Flag.png
Flag of the Caribbean Community

Antigua and Barbuda | Bahamas¹ | Barbados | Belize | Dominica | Grenada | Guyana | Haiti | Jamaica | Montserrat | Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Suriname | Trinidad and Tobago
Associate members: Anguilla | Bermuda | Cayman Islands | British Virgin Islands | Turks and Caicos Islands
Observer status: Aruba | Colombia | Dominican Republic | Mexico | Netherlands Antilles | Puerto Rico | Venezuela
¹ member of the community but not the Caribbean (CARICOM) Single Market and Economy.
edit  (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:Caricom&action=edit)
bg:Сейнт Лусия

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