Ryder Cup

From Academic Kids

The Ryder Cup is a golf trophy contested biennially in an event officially called the Ryder Cup Matches by teams from Europe and the United States. The Ryder Cup was first competed for in 1927, with the US competing against Great Britain. After nearly 40 years of US dominance (Britain won only once between 1935 and 1973) it was extended to Britain and Ireland in 1973 and then Europe in 1979, which made the Cup considerably more competitive. Currently, the Ryder Cup Matches are jointly administered by the PGA of America and the PGA European Tour.

Contents

Format

The Ryder Cup Matches involve various matchplay matches between players selected from two teams of 12. In 2002, those games consisted of 8 foursomes matches, 8 fourball matches and 12 singles matches. The winner of each match scores a point for their team, with ˝ a point each for any match that is tied after 18 holes.

A foursomes match is a competition between two teams of two golfers. The golfers on the same team take alternate shots throughout the match, with the same ball. Each hole is won by the team that completes the hole in the fewest shots. A fourball match is a competition between two teams of two golfers. All four golfers play their own ball throughout the round. Each hole is won by the team whose individual golfer had the lowest score. A singles match is a standard matchplay competition between two golfers.

The matches take place over three days, Friday through Sunday. On the Friday, there are four fourball matches and four foursomes matches in the afternoon. On the Saturday, the same schedule repeats. On the Sunday, there are twelve singles matches. Not all players play on Friday and Saturday. The captain can select any eight players for each round.

Founding of the Cup

There is some debate over who suggested the idea for the Ryder Cup. James Harnett, a journalist with Golf Illustrated magazine appears to have proposed a similar idea to the USPGA on December 15, 1920 and, having failed to attract support, the idea was refloated by a Sylvanus Germain, president of a club in Toledo, the next year. This resulted in an unofficial match in 1921, won 9–3 by the British, and another in 1926, won 13˝–1˝ by Britain. A spectator at the second game, Samuel Ryder, saw the potential of the competition and persuaded the two captains to reform their teams in 1927 for the first official Cup. Ryder, who donated a gold cup and had agreed to pay Ł5 to each of the winning team, attached his name to the new competition.

Equivalent events are:

  • Solheim Cup — The women's equivalent of the Ryder Cup, featuring the same U.S. vs. Europe format.
  • Presidents Cup — Men's event, held in odd-numbered years, with the same format as the Ryder Cup, except that the competing sides are a U.S. side and an International side consisting entirely of players whose citizenship makes them ineligible for the Ryder Cup.
  • Walker Cup — Event for amateur men. Unlike the Ryder Cup, the Walker Cup has never adopted a U.S.-Europe format. The U.S. side is opposed by a team drawn from Great Britain and Ireland.
  • Curtis Cup — Women's amateur event directly analogous to the Walker Cup. Like the Walker Cup, the competition format is U.S. vs. Great Britain and Ireland.
  • UBS Cup — Men's event similar to the Ryder Cup and Presidents Cup. The competing sides are USA and Rest of the World. Six golfers on each side must be 50 or over, and the remaining six must be in their forties.
  • The Seve Trophy — A European professional men's event, founded by Seve Ballesteros, that pits a side from Great Britain and Ireland against one from continental Europe.
  • Palmer Cup: An annual match between U.S. and European college/university golfers.

Controversial Ryder Cups

TODO : The War On The Shore

The 1999 Ryder Cup featured a remarkable comeback by the Americans. Down 10-6 after the first two days of play, they went 8-3-1 in singles play to take the title. The competition turned on the 17th hole of a match between American Justin Leonard and Spaniard José María Olazábal. Leonard holed a 45-foot putt to go dormie-1, assuring at least a half point and a U.S. victory (the Americans needed 14.5 points to gain the cup due to the Europeans' 1997 victory at Valderrama). A wild celebration ensured, with players and spectators spilling out onto the green, and across the line of the putt that Olazábal had to halve the hole. There was considerable bad blood after the match and some of the European players complained about the American galleries.

The competition from 1939 to 1945 were cancelled due to World War II. The 2001 match was delayed for a year following the September 11 attacks. At the same time, it was decided to hold the Ryder Cup in even-numbered years instead of the past schedule of odd-numbered years. The most recent Ryder Cup was won by Europe with Scotsman Colin Montgomerie sinking the winning putt.

Results

YearVenueVictorsLosers
2020 Whistling Straits, Kohler, WI
2018 TBD (Europe)
2016 Hazeltine National GC, Chaska, MN
2014 Gleneagles, Scotland
2012 Medinah CC, Medinah, IL
2010 Celtic Manor Resort, Newport, Wales
2008 Valhalla GC, Louisville, KY
2006 The K Club, Straffan, Ireland
2004 Oakland Hills CC, Bloomfield Township, MIEurope 18˝USA
2002The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, EngEurope15˝USA12˝
1999 The Country Club, Brookline, MA USA 14˝ Europe 13˝
1997 Valderrama GC, Sotogrande, Spain Europe 14˝ USA 13˝
1995 Oak Hill CC, Rochester, NY Europe 14˝ USA 13˝
1993The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, Eng USA 15 Europe 13
1991 The Ocean Course, Kiawah Island, SC USA 14˝ Europe 13˝
1989 The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, Eng Europe
USA
14
14
  
1987 Muirfield Village GC, Dublin, OH Europe 15 USA 13
1985 The Belfry, Sutton Coldfield, Eng Europe 16˝ USA 11˝
1983 PGA Ntnl GC, Palm Beach Gardens, FL USA 14˝ Europe 13˝
1981 Walton Health GC, Surrey, England USA 18˝ Europe
1979 The Greenbrier, White Sulphur Springs, WV USA 17 Europe 11
1977 Royal Lytham & St. Annes, England USA 12˝ Britain & Ireland
1975 Laurel Valley GC, Ligonier, PA USA 21 Britain & Ireland 11
1973 Muirfield Scotland USA 19 Britain & Ireland 13
1971 Old Warson CC, St. Louis, MO USA 18˝ Britain 13˝
1969 Royal Birkdale GC, Southport, Eng USA
Britain
16
16
  
1967 Champions GC, Houston, TX USA 23˝ Britain
1965 Royal Birkdale GC, Southport, Eng USA 19˝ Britain 12˝
1963 East Lake CC, Atlanta, GA USA 23 Britain 9
1961 Royal Lytham & St. Annes, England USA 14˝ Britain
1959 Eldorado CC, Palm Desert, CA USABritain
1957 Lindrick GC, Rotherham, England BritainUSA
1955 Thunderbird CC, Palm Springs, CA USA 8 Britain 4
1953 Wentworth Club, Wentworth, England USABritain
1951 Pinehurst Resort, Pinehurst, NC USABritain
1949 Ganton GC, Scarborough, England USA 7 Britain 5
1947 Portland GC, Portland, OR USA 11 Britain 1
1937 Southport & Ainsdale GC, England USA 8 Britain 4
1935 Ridgewood CC, Ridgewood, NJ USA 9 Britain 3
1933 Southport & Ainsdale GC, England BritainUSA
1931 Scioto CC, Columbus, OH USA 9 Britain 3
1929 Moortown GC, Leeds, England Britain 7 USA 5
1927 Worcester CC, Worcester, MA USABritain

NB: The 1969 and 1989 tournaments were drawn, so the Cup remained with the previous victors.

See also

External Links

de:Ryder Cup fr:Ryder Cup no:Ryder Cup Matches sv:Ryder Cup

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