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Rutland

From Academic Kids

This article is about the county in England. For other articles on subjects named Rutland, see Rutland (disambiguation).
Rutland
Image:EnglandRutland.png
Geography
Status:Ceremonial County; Unitary District
Region:East Midlands
Area:
- Total
- District
Ranked 45th
382 km²
Ranked 118th
Admin HQ:Oakham
ISO 3166-2:GB-RUT
ONS code:00FP
NUTS 3:UKF22
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2003 est.)
- Density
- District
Ranked 47th
35,651
91 / km²
Ranked 348th
Ethnicity:98.1% White
Politics
Rutland County Council
http://www.rutland.gov.uk/
Executive:Conservative
MP:Alan Duncan

Rutland is traditionally England's smallest county and is bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire, and southeast by Northamptonshire.

Its greatest length north to south is only 18 miles; greatest breadth east to west, 17 miles. It is the smallest (in terms of area) normal unitary authority in mainland England (only the City of London is smaller), and is 345th of the 350 districts in terms of population.

The two principal towns are Oakham, the county town, and Uppingham. At the centre of the county is a large reservoir, Rutland Water, which is an important nature reserve, serving as an overwintering site for wildfowl and a breeding site for Ospreys. The town of Stamford is just over the border in a protruding part of Lincolnshire.

The highest point of the county is Cold Overton Park at 197m/646ft.

Contents

History

Main article: History of Rutland.

The north-western part of the county was recorded as Rutland, a detached part of Nottinghamshire, in the Domesday Book; the south-eastern part as the wapentake of Wicelsea in Northamptonshire. It was first mentioned as a separate county in 1159, but as late as the 14th century it was referred to as the 'Soke of Rutland'.

In the 19th century it was divided into the hundreds of Alstoe, East, Martinsley, Oakham and Wrandike.

The county was made a district of Leicestershire in the local government reorganisation of 1974, but was restored to county status by popular demand on 1 April 1997.

Towns and villages

See the list of places in Rutland.

Places of interest

Rivers

External links

See also


United Kingdom | England | Ceremonial counties of England Flag of England

Bedfordshire | Berkshire | City of Bristol | Buckinghamshire | Cambridgeshire | Cheshire | Cornwall | Cumbria | Derbyshire | Devon | Dorset | Durham | East Riding of Yorkshire | East Sussex | Essex | Gloucestershire | Greater London | Greater Manchester | Hampshire | Herefordshire | Hertfordshire | Isle of Wight | Kent | Lancashire | Leicestershire | Lincolnshire | City of London | Merseyside | Norfolk | Northamptonshire | Northumberland | North Yorkshire | Nottinghamshire | Oxfordshire | Rutland | Shropshire | Somerset | South Yorkshire | Staffordshire | Suffolk | Surrey | Tyne and Wear | Warwickshire | West Midlands | West Sussex | West Yorkshire | Wiltshire | Worcestershire


Districts of England - East Midlands Flag of England

Amber Valley | Ashfield | Bassetlaw | Blaby | Bolsover | Boston | Broxtowe | Charnwood | Chesterfield | Corby | Daventry | Derby | Derbyshire Dales | East Lindsey | East Northamptonshire | Erewash | Gedling | Harborough | High Peak | Hinckley and Bosworth | Kettering | Leicester | Lincoln | Mansfield | Melton | Newark and Sherwood | Northampton | North East Derbyshire | North Kesteven | North West Leicestershire | Nottingham | Oadby and Wigston | Rushcliffe | Rutland | South Derbyshire | South Holland | South Kesteven | South Northamptonshire | Wellingborough | West Lindsey

Administrative counties with multiple districts: Derbyshire - Leicestershire - Lincolnshire - Northamptonshire - Nottinghamshire

de:Rutland

eo:Rutland es:Rutland no:Rutland

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