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Rugby Union World Cup

From Academic Kids

The Rugby World Cup is the premier international Rugby Union contest in the world, first held jointly in Australia and New Zealand in 1987 and now held every four years. The prize is the "William Webb Ellis Trophy" (known in Australia as 'Bill') named after the pupil of Rugby School credited, probably apocryphally, with the game's invention. It is currently held by England.

Contents

Tournaments

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Past winners of the Rugby Union World Cup
YearHostsWinnersCaptainCoachLosing Finalist   Score
1987 World CupNew Zealand and AustraliaNew ZealandDavid KirkBrian LochoreFrance29-9
1991 World CupEngland (games also held in Ireland and France)AustraliaNick Farr-JonesBob DwyerEngland12-6
1995 World CupSouth AfricaSouth AfricaFrancois PienaarKitch ChristieNew Zealand15-12
1999 World CupWales (games also held in England, Ireland, Scotland and France)AustraliaJohn EalesRod MacqueenFrance35-12
2003 World CupAustraliaEnglandMartin JohnsonClive WoodwardAustralia20-17
2007 World Cup France (games also to be held in Scotland and Wales)
2011 World Cup

History

Rugby World Cup was originally thought up in late 1983, when the Australian Rugby Union and the New Zealand Rugby Football Union each independently wrote to the International Rugby Board seeking to conduct a World Cup tournament.

In 1985 the IRB approved for the inaugural Rugby World Cup to be jointly staged in Australia and New Zealand during May and June of 1987.

Nominally hosted by England and Wales, respectively, the 1991 and 1999 tournaments had games spread over the UK, Ireland and France.

The 1995 Cup, hosted and won by South Africa, will probably be most remembered for two moments—the emergence of Jonah Lomu as a rugby superstar, and the trophy presentation. In one of the most emotional moments in sports history, President Nelson Mandela wore a Springbok jersey and matching baseball cap when presenting the trophy to the team's Afrikaner captain Francois Pienaar. Mandela's jersey had Pienaar's number 6 on the back. The presentation was widely seen as a sign of reconciliation between South Africa's black and white communities.

The 2003 Cup was intended to be held jointly by Australia and New Zealand, but disagreements between the International Rugby Board and the NZ Union, over sponsorship, advertising and ticketing, saw the competition relocated to Australia.

The 2007 competition will be held in France.

See also

External link

Template:Rugby Union World Cupaf:Rugby Wreldbeker de:Rugby-Union-Weltmeisterschaft fr:Coupe du monde de rugby it:Coppa del Mondo di rugby ja:ラグビー・ワールドカップ

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