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Rockland County, New York

From Academic Kids

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Map_of_New_York_highlighting_Rockland_County.png
Image:Map of New York highlighting Rockland County.png

Rockland County is a county located in the state of New York. As of 2000, the population is 286,753. The county seat is New City. The name comes from "rocky land," an early description of the area given by settlers. Rockland is the southern most county west of the Hudson River in New York State. It is largely suburban in nature, serving as a suburb of New York City.

Contents

History

During the American Revolution, when the control of the Hudson River was viewed by the British as strategic to dominating the American territories, Rockland saw skirmishes at Haverstraw, Nyack and Piermont, and significant military engagements at the Battle of Stony Point, where General "Mad" Anthony Wayne earned his nickname. George Washington was headquartered for a time at John Suffern's tavern, later site of Suffern.

The American Industrial Revolution was supplied, in part, from forests and iron mines in Rockland county. Resource utilization extracted a heavy toll on the region, especially lumbering and agriculture, since the poor, thin soils on hillsides were easily depleted. By the early 1900s development along the lower Hudson River had begun to destroy much of the area's natural beauty.

Many unsuccessful efforts were made to turn much of the Hudson highlands into a forest preserve. However, when the State of New York tried to relocate Sing Sing Prison to Bear Mountain in 1909, some of the wealthy businessmen who had made homes in the area, led by Union Pacific Railroad president E. H. Harriman, donated land as well as large sums of money for the purchase of properties in the area of Bear Mountain. Bear Mountain/Harriman State Park became a reality in 1910, and by 1914 it was estimated that than a million people a year were coming to the park.

When New York State established its first twelve counties in 1683, the present Rockland County was part of Orange County. In 1798, Rockland County was split from Orange County.

Geography

Rockland County lies just north of the New Jersey-New York border, in Downstate New York, west of the Hudson River, and northwest of New York City.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 516 km² (199 mi²). 451 km² (174 mi²) of it is land and 65 km² (25 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 12.60% water.

The highest elevation in the county is Rockhouse Mountain, at 391 m (1,283 feet). However, nearby Jackie Jones Mountain also has a summit above 390 m (1,280 feet) whose exact elevation is not known and may well be higher.

The lowest elevation is sea level along the Hudson River.

Rockland is the smallest county in the state of New York outside of the 5 boroughs of New York City.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 286,753 people, 92,675 households, and 70,989 families residing in the county. The population density is 636/km² (1,646/mi²). There are 94,973 housing units at an average density of 210/km² (545/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 76.91% White, 10.98% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 5.52% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 3.78% from other races, and 2.51% from two or more races. 10.18% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 92,675 households out of which 37.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.80% are married couples living together, 10.30% have a female householder with no husband present, and 23.40% are non-families. 19.30% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.80% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.01 and the average family size is 3.47.

In the county the population is spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.80% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females there are 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $67,971, and the median income for a family is $78,806. Males have a median income of $51,148 versus $37,032 for females. The per capita income for the county is $28,082. 9.50% of the population and 6.30% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.30% of those under the age of 18 and 7.60% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Cities and towns

=> Label in parentheses is official political designation.

External links


Flag of New York

State of New York

Capital:

Albany

Regions:

Adirondack Mountains | Capital District | Catskill Mountains | Central | Finger Lakes | The Holland Purchase | Hudson Valley | Long Island | Mohawk Valley | Shawangunks | Southern Tier | Upstate | Western

Major metros:

Albany | Binghamton | Buffalo | New York | Rochester | Syracuse | Utica

Smaller cities:

Amsterdam | Auburn | Batavia | Canandaigua | Corning | Cortland | Dunkirk | Elmira | Geneva | Glen Cove | Glens Falls | Gloversville | Goshen | Hornell | Hudson | Ilion | Ithaca | Jamestown | Kingston | Lockport | Malone | Massena | Middletown | New Paltz | Newark | Ogdensburg | Olean | Oneida | Oneonta | Oswego | Plattsburgh | Port Jervis | Poughkeepsie | Riverhead | Rome | Saratoga Springs | Warwick | Watertown

Counties:

Albany | Allegany | Bronx | Broome | Cattaraugus | Cayuga | Chautauqua | Chemung | Chenango | Clinton | Columbia | Cortland | Delaware | Dutchess | Erie | Essex | Franklin | Fulton | Genesee | Greene | Hamilton | Herkimer | Jefferson | Kings (Brooklyn) | Lewis | Livingston | Madison | Monroe | Montgomery | Nassau | New York (Manhattan) | Niagara | Oneida | Onondaga | Ontario | Orange | Orleans | Oswego | Otsego | Putnam | Queens | Rensselaer | Richmond (Staten Island) | Rockland | Saint Lawrence | Saratoga | Schenectady | Schoharie | Schuyler | Seneca | Steuben | Suffolk | Sullivan | Tioga | Tompkins | Ulster | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Westchester | Wyoming | Yates

de:Rockland County ja:ロックランド郡 (ニューヨーク州)

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