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Relay race

From Academic Kids

During a relay race, members of a team take turns running (usually with a baton) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. Relay races take the form of professional races and amateur games. In the Olympic games, there are many types of relay races that are part of track and field.

Based on the speed of the runners, the generally accepted strategy used in setting up a 4 person relay team is: second fastest, third fastest, slowest, then fastest (anchor). Each segment of the relay (the distance run by one person) is referred to as a leg.

Each runner must hand off the baton to the next runner within a certain zone, usually marked by triangles on the track. In sprint relays, runners typically use a "blind handoff", where the second runner stands on a spot predetermined in practice and starts running when the first runner hits a visual mark on the track (usually a smaller triangle). The second runner opens her hand behind her after a few strides, by which time the first runner should be caught up and able to hand off the baton. In middle-distance relays or longer, runners begin by jogging while looking back at the incoming runner and holding out a hand for the baton.

A team may be Disqualified from a relay for:

  1. Improperly overtaking another competitor
  2. Preventing another competitor from passing
  3. Willfully impeding, improperly crossing the course, or in any other way interfering with another competitor
  4. Making two false starts (or in some cases only one)
  5. Making an improper baton exchangeTemplate:Sport-stub

de:Staffellauf ja:リレー走 pl:Sztafeta

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