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Reinhard Scheer

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Reinhard Scheer

Reinhard Scheer (September 30, 1863November 26, 1928) was a Vice-admiral in the German navy. He was in command of the Kaiserliche Marine High Seas Fleet at the battle of Jutland, one of the largest naval battles in history.

Scheer was born in Obernkirchen, Germany. He entered the navy in 1879, becoming Kapitšn zur See in 1905 and Rear Admiral in 1910.

Scheer became chief of the High Seas Fleet in January 1916. On May 30, he lead the fleet into the Battle of Jutland. Although not defeating the British Royal Navy, he successfully evaded the destruction of his fleet by the numerically superior Royal Navy, his ships inflicting heavy losses upon the British. Scheer was offered a knighthood for his leadership at Jutland by German Kaiser Wilhelm II, but he turned down that offer (his subordinate at Jutland, Vice-Admiral Franz Hipper who led the battlecruisers, did not turn down such an offer and eventually became Franz Ritter von Hipper). After Jutland, Scheer did not believe anymore that the British could be defeated by the High Seas Fleet in battle, and became a strong advocate of the submarine warfare against Britain.

He retired in 1918 following the Kiel Mutiny and the ensuing revolution in Germany.

In 1899, he married Emillie Mohr. She was murdered October 9, 1920.

In 1928, Scheer accepted an invitation to visit his old adversary at the Battle of Jutland, Admiral John Jellicoe, in England, but just prior to his trip he died in Marktredwitz. He is buried in Weimar.de:Reinhard Scheer

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