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Punic

From Academic Kids

Punic (from Latin pūnicus) was a Latin version of the term "Phoenician". (After the Punic Wars, Romans used this term as an adjective meaning "treacherous".)

In archaeological and linguistic usage, it refers to the Greco-Roman era culture and dialect of Carthage and its empire as distinct from their Phoenician originals. Phoenicians settled in Northwest Africa (the Maghreb) from the city of Tyre (in modern Syria) and their culture and political organisation separated into a distinct form. There were distinct Punic settlements from the Iberian Peninsula and Gibraltar in the West to Cyprus in the East; Sicily was a battleground between Punic and Roman forces for a long time. In the end, the Romans managed to defeat the Carthaginians and their allies, enabling a Roman settlement of Africa. There is a famous quote associated with this defeat: Carthagō delenda est, meaning simply, "Carthage has been destroyed".

See Phoenician languages and Carthage for more on Punic.

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