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Prussian people

From Academic Kids

The Prussian people, or (old) Prussians, were Indo-European Balts inhabiting the area around the Curonian and Vistula Lagoons (i.e., Baltic Prussia). Their lands were later called East Prussia. They were a Baltic ethnic group, who spoke the Old Prussian language, and were later conquered by the Teutonic Order. Part of Prussians perished in fight, part retreated to neighbouring Lithuania, part were assimilated. The states of Prussia and the Kingdom of Prussia took their names from the Prussian people.

Currently, an interesting experiment in cultural and linguistic revival is underway in Lithuania, exploring the modern Lithuanians connections with the old ethnic Prussians from the same Baltic family.

History

Main article: Origins of Prussia.

The first mention of the Old Prussians in historical sources is in connection with Adalbert of Prague who was slain in 997 during a crusade to Christianise the Prussians. By the late 13th century, the German knights, especially the Teutonic Knights had converted them under arms to Christianity. Most of the native Prussians remaining after the bloody conquest were settled to Sambia. The Prussians organized frequent uprisings, the most famous in 1286 and the last in 1525. Before the end of 17th century, the Prussian language had become extinct. The culture of the Old Prussians was Germanicised, or Polonised, depending on the part of Prussia in which they lived. They converted either to Protestantism or to Catholicism (in Warmia).

Template:Hist-stub

See also

External links

ru:Пруссы pl:Prusowie

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