From Academic Kids
- Voting for a minority or fringe candidate which has no chance of election. See below
- Posting a blank ballot paper.
- Spoiling the ballot paper.
- Selecting a "None of the Above" option, if one exists.
Voting for a fringe candidate can result in election/endorsement of people whom the general population would rather not see in that position. e.g. Jean-Marie Le Pen in French presidential election, 2002.