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Pre-Socratic philosophy

From Academic Kids

Pre-Socratic philosophers (pre-Socrates) are often very hard to pin down, and it is sometimes very difficult to determine the actual line of argument they used in supporting their particular views. While most of these thinkers produced significant texts, none of these texts have survived in complete form. All we have are quotations by later philosophers, historians, and the occasional textual fragment.

The pre-Socratic philosophers rejected traditional mythological explanations for the phenomena they saw around them in favor of more rational explanations. They asked:

  • Where does everything come from?
  • What is it really made out of?
  • How do we explain the plurality of things found in nature?
  • Why are we able to describe them with a singular mathematics?

Nearly all of the various cosmologies proposed by the early Greek philosophers are demonstrably false. Later philosophers rejected the answers they provided, but continued to place importance on their questions.

List of Philosophers

[edit (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php?title=Template:Histphil&action=edit)]
History of Western philosophy
Pre-Socratic philosophy
Ancient philosophy
Medieval philosophy
Renaissance philosophy
17th-century philosophy
18th-century philosophy
19th-century philosophy
20th-century philosophy
Postmodern philosophy
Contemporary philosophy
See also:
Eastern philosophy

This list includes several men, particularly the Seven Sages, who appear to have been practical politicians and sources of epigrammatic wisdom, rather than speculative thinkers or philosophers in the modern sense.


Notable Movements

External Links


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