Postalveolar consonant

From Academic Kids

Places of articulation
Labial
Bilabial
Labiodental
Linguolabial
Labial-velar
Coronal
Interdental
Dental
Retroflex
Alveolar
Postalveolar
Alveolo-palatal
Dorsal
Palatal
Labial-palatal
Velar
Uvular
Pharyngeal
Epiglottal
Glottal
Apical
Laminal
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[Edit] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Place_of_articulation?action=edit)

Postalveolar consonants are consonants articulated with the tongue between the alveolar ridge (the place of articulation for alveolar consonants) and the palate (the place of articulation for palatal consonants).

Among the fricatives and affricates, only the subtype of so-called palato-alveolar consonants are shown here. The alveolo-palatal and retroflex consonants are also postalveolar in their point of articulation, but they are given separate columns in the IPA chart. The difference between palato-alveolar, alveolo-palatal, and retroflex is in the shape of the tongue rather than the place of articulation: in palato-alveolars, like English sh, the tongue is bunched-up ("domed"); in alveolo-palatals, like Mandarin x, the tongue is flat ("laminal"), and in retroflex consonants like Mandarin sh, the tip of the tongue is raised ("apical").

The palato-alveolar sibilants and postalveolar clicks identified by the International Phonetic Alphabet are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning
Missing image
Xsampa-S2.png
Image:Xsampa-S2.png

Voiceless palato-alveolar fricative English ship [[[Template:IPA bold dark red]]] ship
Image:Xsampa-Z2.png Voiced palato-alveolar fricative English vision [[[Template:IPA bold dark red]]] vision
Missing image
IPA_voiceless_postalveolar_affricate.png
Image:IPA_voiceless_postalveolar_affricate.png

Voiceless palato-alveolar affricate English chip [[[Template:IPA bold dark red]]] chip
Missing image
IPA_voiced_postalveolar_affricate.png
Image:IPA_voiced_postalveolar_affricate.png

Voiced palato-alveolar affricate English jug [[[Template:IPA bold dark red]]] jug
Image:Xsampa-exclamationslash.png (Post)alveolar clicks nama [[[Template:IPA bold dark red]]] hollow
Image:Xsampa-equalsslash.png palato-alveolar clicks

See also

de:Postalveolar fr:consonne post-alvéolaire ja:後部歯茎音 ko:치조후음 sv:Postalveolar

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