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Portuguese dialects

From Academic Kids

There are countries where the official languages are not understood by some (that uses a dialect, normally a subaltern language not recognized by the state as one), or they are dialects of the same language but others do not understand them. That is rare in Portuguese dialects, especially nowadays. A Portuguese speaker from Angola perfectly understands a speaker from northern Brazil or middle Portugal.

Portugal presents the wider variety of dialects in the Portuguese language. Although the country is very small, a city or village can have its own particular dialect. The Nortenho dialect in Portugal presents many regional words only used by them and the dialect (and neighbouring dialects) has (possibly) unique features not found in other Portuguese dialects. But because they are intelligible, even when using local words, Portuguese speakers do not understand what they speak as dialects, they use instead the word sotaque (accent) to describe it; some linguists agree and refer to them as falares (modes of speech).

In here, we will understand dialect has a regional variation of a language, with many differences due to geographical location: mainly lexicon and pronunciation. These differences are easily understood by the speakers, and thus identifying the origin region of the speaker is easy. Sometimes even cities or villages can be easily be identified by the dialect.

Varieties of Portuguese

A dialect can also be selected to be a variety of the language, due to prestige, culture or socio-economical factors. There are two officially used dialects in the Portuguese language. The one of Rio de Janeiro (and, in some manner, São Paulo) for Brazil and of Lisbon and Coimbra for Portugal, Portuguese speaking African countries and East Timor, due to politics the two varieties are somewhat written differently, but that difference is similar to what happens in English. These differences are to be eliminated because Brazil and Portugal have made an orthographic agreement. Because the African countries are involved and did not yet approved, it is not yet in force, thought Brazil has made some pressure, with the support of Portugal, in the African countries to approve the agreement.

Spoken varieties of Portuguese

  • European and African Portuguese
  • Brazilian Portuguese
  • São Tomean Portuguese
  • Galician Portuguese (considered by philologists)

note: In fact, Galician is a co-dialect of Portuguese. It has many differences not observed in other varieties due to Spanish influence. Considering it has a same language is very accepted (when not dealing with nationalisms), but not by political or sociologic factors.

Written varieties of Portuguese

  • European and African Portuguese
  • Brazilian Portuguese

Major Portuguese dialects

Portuguese dialects of Brazil
Enlarge
Portuguese dialects of Brazil

Brazil

  1. Caipira — Countryside of São Paulo - Piraquara — caipira from Vale do Paraíba (São Paulo (state) / Minas Gerais)
  2. Cearense — Ceará
  3. Baiano — Region of Bahia
  4. image:Loudspeaker.png Fluminense (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som90.html)States of Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo (the city of Rio de Janeiro has a particular way of speaking)
  5. Gaúcho — Rio Grande do Sul
  6. Mineiro — Minas Gerais
  7. image:Loudspeaker.png Nordestino (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som91.html)northeastern states of Brazil (the interior area and Recife have particular ways of speaking)
  8. Nortista — Amazon Basin states
  9. Paulistano — city of São Paulo
  10. Sertanejo — States of Goiás and Mato Grosso
  11. Sulista — south of Brazil (the city of Curitiba has a particular way of speaking)
Missing image
Portugueselanguagedialects-Portugal.png
Portuguese dialects of Portugal

Portugal

  1. image:Loudspeaker.png Açoreano (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som69.html)Azores
  2. image:Loudspeaker.png Alentejano (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som40.html)Alentejo
  3. image:Loudspeaker.png Algarvio (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som44.html)Algarve (there is a particular small dialect in the western area)
  4. image:Loudspeaker.png Alto-Minhoto (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som1.html)North of Braga (interior)
  5. image:Loudspeaker.png Baixo-Beirão; Alto-Alentejano (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som49.html)Central Portugal (interior)
  6. image:Loudspeaker.png Beirão (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som9.html)central Portugal
  7. image:Loudspeaker.png Estremenho (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som22.html)Regions of Coimbra and Lisbon (can be subdivided in Lisbon Portuguese and Coimbra Portuguese)
  8. image:Loudspeaker.png Madeirense (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som60.html)Madeira
  9. image:Loudspeaker.png Nortenho (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som14.html)Regions of Braga and Porto
  10. image:Loudspeaker.png Transmontano (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som6.html)Trás-os-Montes

Angola

  1. Benguelense — Benguela province
  2. image:Loudspeaker.png Luandense (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som85.html)Luanda province
  3. Sulista — South of Angola
Missing image
Portugueselanguagedialects-Angola.png
Portuguese dialects of Angola

Other areas

  • image:Loudspeaker.png Caboverdiano (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som87.html)Cape Verde
  • image:Loudspeaker.png Guineense (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som88.html)Guinea-Bissau
  • image:Loudspeaker.png Macaense (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som92.html)Macau, China
  • image:Loudspeaker.png Moçambicano (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som89.html)Mozambique
  • image:Loudspeaker.png Santomense (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som83.html)São Tomé and Principe
  • image:Loudspeaker.png Timorense (http://www.instituto-camoes.pt/cvc/hlp/geografia/som84.html)East Timor
  • Damaense — Daman, India
  • Goês — State of Goa, India
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