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Politics of Nauru

From Academic Kids

Template:Politics of Nauru Nauru is a democratic republic. The country's 18-member Parliament is run under a British-style system. There is a loose multiparty system; the two main parties are the Democratic Party and Nauru Party (informal). Elections for the Parliament are held every three years; voting is compulsory for all citizens aged 20 or more.

The Parliament elects a president from amongst its members, who appoints a Cabinet of 5-6 people. The President is both the head of state and head of government.

A series of no-confidence votes, resignations and elections between 1999 and 2003 saw René Harris and Bernard Dowiyogo as President for numerous short periods during a period of political instability. Dowigoyo died in office on March 10, 2003, in Washington, D.C., after heart surgery. Ludwig Scotty was elected President on May 29, 2003, but this did not bring to an end the years of political uncertainty as he was replaced by Harris a few months later.


Contents

1 Legal System
2 International organization participation:
3 Constituencies
4 See also

List of Presidents since independence

Name (birth-death) Dates of presidency
1. Hammer DeRoburt (1922-1992) 31 January 1968 to 22 December 1976
2. Bernard Dowiyogo (1946-2003) 22 December 1976 to 19 April 1978
3. Lagumot Harris (1938?-1999) 19 April 1978 to 15 May 1978
4. Hammer DeRoburt (2nd admin) 15 May 1978 to 17 September 1986
5. Kennan Adeang 17 September 1986 to 01 October 1986
6. Hammer DeRoburt (3rd admin) 01 October 1986 to ?? December 1986
7. Kennan Adeang (2nd admin) ?? December 1986 to ?? December 1986
8. Hammer DeRoburt (4th admin) ?? December 1986 to 17 August 1989
9. Kenos Aroi 17 August 1989 to 12 December 1989
10. Bernard Dowiyogo (2nd admin) 12 December 1989 to 22 November 1995
11. Lagumot Harris (2nd admin) 22 November 1995 to 11 November 1996
12. Bernard Dowiyogo (3rd admin) 11 November 1996 to 26 November 1996
13. Kennan Adeang (3rd admin) 26 November 1996 to 19 December 1996
14. Rueben Kun 19 December 1996 to 13 February 1997
15. Kinza Clodumar (1944?-) 13 February 1997 to 18 June 1998
16. Bernard Dowiyogo (4th admin) 18 June 1998 to 27 April 1999
17. René Harris (1948-) 27 April 1999 to 20 April 2000
18. Bernard Dowiyogo (5th admin) 20 April 2000 to 30 March 2001
19. René Harris (2nd admin) 30 March 2001 to 09 January 2003
20. Bernard Dowiyogo (6th admin) 09 January 2003 to 17 January 2003
21. René Harris (3rd admin) 17 January 2003 to 18 January 2003
22. Bernard Dowiyogo (7th admin; died in office) 18 January 2003 to 10 March 2003
23. Derog Gioura (1931?-) 10 March 2003 to 29 May 2003 (acting to 20 March 2003)
24. Ludwig Scotty 29 May 2003 to 08 August 2003
25. René Harris (4th admin) 08 August 2003 to 22 June 2004
26. Ludwig Scotty (2nd admin) 22 June 2004 to Present

Legal System

Nauruan law is based on British common law and Acts of the Nauru Parliament. Decisions are made by the Supreme Court.

International organization participation:

Nauru is a member of the following organisations: Asian Development Bank, The Commonwealth, ESCAP, ICAO, ICC, Intelsat (nonsignatory user), Interpol, IOC, ITU, OPCW, Pacific Islands Forum, Pacific Community, SOPAC, Sparteca, United Nations, UNESCO, UPU, WHO

Constituencies

Nauru has 8 constituencies which are groups of the administrative regions above. They are:

Each constituency returns 2 members to the Nauruan Parliament, except for Ubenide which returns 4.

See also

no:Nauru#Politikk

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