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Philadelphia International Airport

From Academic Kids

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PHL_diagram.png
FAA diagram of PHL
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Philadelphia_runway8-26.jpg
Aerial view of construction of runway 8/26

Philadelphia International Airport Template:Airport codes is an airport in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and is the largest airport in the Delaware Valley region. The airport is a hub of US Airways and has service to destinations in the United States, Canada, Latin America, and Europe.

PHL is governed by the City of Philadelphia's Division of Aviation, and most of the airport property is located in Philadelphia proper. The international terminal and the western end of the airfield are located in Tinicum Township, Delaware County.

Contents

History

Starting in 1925, the Pennsylvania Air National Guard used the PHL site (historically known as Hog Island) as a training field for its pilots. The site was dedicated as the "Philadelphia Municipal Airport" by Charles Lindbergh in 1927. However, there was no proper terminal building until 1940, so airlines used an airfield in nearby Camden, New Jersey. Once the terminal was completed, four airlines (American, Eastern, TWA, and United) started flights to the airport. Philadelphia Municipal became Philadelphia International in 1945, when American Overseas Airways began flights to Europe.

US Airways became the dominant carrier at PHL through the 1980s and 1990s. In 2004, its dominance was challenged when Southwest Airlines announced it would begin flights from PHL, challenging US Airways in most of the major's important north-south and transcon markets.

Layout

Philadelphia International Airport has five terminal buildings, which are divided into seven lettered concourses. The two "A" concourses are separated from each other. Concourses B, C, and D are interconnected, while concourses E and F are in separate terminals. There is a relatively large airport mall between concourses B and C.

Concourse A West

International Arrivals (except those from Canada) are processed at the Terminal A-West arrival building.

  • Air Jamaica Gate A15 (Montego Bay)
  • Frontier Airlines Gate A14 (Denver and Los Angeles)
  • Lufthansa (Frankfurt) Gate A15
  • US Airways (International) Gates A15-A26 (Amsterdam, Aruba, Barbados, Barcelona, Bermuda, Cancun, Cozumel, Dublin, Frankfurt, Freeport, Glasgow, Grand Cayman, Grenada, London/Gatwick, Madrid, Manchester, Montego Bay, Munich, Nassau, Paris/Charles de Gaulle, Providenciales, Rome, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Thomas, San Jose, Santo Domingo, Shannon, and Venice)

Concourse A East

Concourse B

  • US Airways (United States and Canada) Gates B1-B16 (Albany, Atlanta, Baltimore/Washington, Boston, Buffalo, Burlington, Charleston, Charlotte, Chicago/O'Hare, Columbus, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood, Fort Myers, Greensboro, Hartford, Houston/Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Manchester, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montreal, Nashville, New Orleans, Myrtle Beach, New York/LaGuardia, Norfolk/Southern Virginia, Orlando, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rochester, St. Louis, San Diego, San Francisco, Seattle/Tacoma, Syracuse, Tampa, Toronto, Washington/Reagan, West Palm Beach, and Wilkes-Barre/Scranton)

Concourse C

Concourse D

America West Airlines operations are handled by Continental Airlines at Philadelphia International Airport

  • Continental Airlines Gates D6, D8, and D10 (Houston/Intercontinental)
  • Continental Express Gates D6, D8, and D10 (Cleveland and Newark)
  • Southwest Airlines Gate D2 and D4 (Chicago/Midway, Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood, Hartford/Springfield, Houston/Hobby, Jacksonville, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Manchester, New Orleans, Oakland, Orlando, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Tampa, and West Palm Beach)
  • United Airlines Gates D1, D3, D5, D7, and D9-D12 (Chicago/O'Hare, Denver, Los Angeles, and San Francisco)
  • Mesa Air dba United Express Gates D1, D3, D5, D7, and D9-D12 (Washington/Dulles)

Concourse E

  • Air France Gate E7 (Departures) (Paris/Charles de Gaulle)
  • Delta Air Lines Gates E1, E3, E7, E9, and E11 (Atlanta, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, KY), Newark, and Salt Lake City)
  • Delta Connection Gate E9 (Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, KY))
  • Mesaba Airlines dba Northwest Airlink Gates E2, E4, and E6 (Memphis)
  • Midwest Airlines Gates E5, E7, and E11 (Milwaukee)
  • Northwest Airlines Gates E2, E4, and E6 (Detroit and Minneapolis/St. Paul)
  • Pinnacle Airlines dba Northwest Airlink Gates E2, E4, and E6 (Detroit and Memphis)
  • Southwest Airlines Gates E8-E10 and E12 (Chicago/Midway, Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood, Hartford/Springfield, Houston/Hobby, Jacksonville, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Manchester, New Orleans, Oakland, Orlando, Phoenix, Pittsburgh, Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Tampa, and West Palm Beach)

Concourse F

  • Chautauqua Airlines dba US Airways Express Gates F1 - F38 (Allentown/Bethlehem, Buffalo, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Indianapolis, Louisville, Manchester, Newark, New York/LaGuardia, Syracuse, and Washington/Reagan)
  • Mesa Air dba US Airways Express Gates F1 - F38 (Albany, Allentown/Bethlehem, Atlanta, Bangor, Binghamton, Birmingham, Burlington, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky (Covington, KY), Cleveland, Columbia, Detroit, Elmira/Corning, Erie, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Manchester, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Montreal, Myrtle Beach, Nashville, Newport News/Williamsburg, Norfolk/Southern Virginia, Portland (ME), Richmond, Roanoke, Savannah, State College, St. Louis, Toronto, Washington/Reagan, Wilkes-Barre/Scranton, and Wilmington)
  • MidAtlantic Airways dba US Airways Express Gates F1 - F38 (Albany, Allentown/Bethlehem, Atlanta, Boston, Burlington, Columbus, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hartford, Houston/Intercontinental, Kansas City, Manchester, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Rochester, St. Louis, Syracuse, and Washington/Reagan)
  • Piedmont Airlines dba US Airways Express Gates F1 - F38 (Albany, Allentown/Bethlehem, Baltimore/Washington, Binghamton, Burlington, Charlottesville, Elmira/Corning, Erie, Harrisburg, Ithaca, Long Island/Islip, Newburgh, Newport News/Williamsburg, New Bern, New Haven, New York/LaGuardia, Roanoke, Salisbury, State College, Syracuse, White Plains, Williamsport, and Wilkes-Barre/Scranton)
  • PSA Airlines dba US Airways Express Gates F1 - F38 (Akron/Canton, Allentown/Bethlehem, Boston, Burlington, Charleston, Cleveland, Dayton, Detroit, Greensboro, Hartford, Ithaca, Knoxville, Lewisburg, Louisville, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newport News/Williamsburg, New York/LaGuardia, Ottawa, Portland (ME), Providence, Raleigh/Durham, Rochester, Toronto, Washington/Dulles, Washington/Reagan, White Plains, and Wilmington)

Ground transportation

Taxis charge a flat rate of $20 from the airport to central Philadelphia.

SEPTA train stations at Terminals A, B, C, D, and E provide passengers a fast and traffic-free connection between the airport, Central Philadelphia, and Glenside. SEPTA designates the Airport Line as the R1 Regional Rail Line. SEPTA trains charge $5.50 for direct connections to 30th Street Station, University City, and other stops in Center City. SEPTA also operates bus service to and form the airport.

Rental cars are available through a number of companies, all of which must be reached by shuttle bus.

External Links

ja:フィラデルフィア国際空港

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