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Patra

From Academic Kids


Statistics
Prefecture: Achaia
Province: Province of Patra
Location: Template:Coor dms
Area:
-Total
-Water
-Rank

125.42 km

Population: (2001)
 - Total
 - Density¹
 - Rank

 167,602
 43.6/km</small>
1st in Achaea
Communes: 4
Elevation:
 -lowest:
 -centre:
 -highest:

sea level
10 m
Panachaicus 1,926 m
Postal code: 260 through 265
Area/distance code: 11-30-2610-2 through 9
(030-2610-2 through 9)
Municipal code: 0718
Car designation: AX
Name of inhabitants: Patrean sing.
-s pl.
Address of administration: 76 Dim. Gounari Ave.
Patras 262 25
Website: www.patras.gr
(in Greek and English)
Missing image
Patra-panaxa.jpg
View of the city of Patras from the harbor.
Missing image
Patras_NASA_WorldWind.jpg
Computer generated view of Patras

Patra (Greek: Modern: Πάτρα, Ancient: Πάτραι, Pátrai) is the third largest city of Greece, and also the capital of the Achaea region of Greece. Patra, or Patras, is located in the southwest part of Greece in Peloponnesos. It is also the seat of the Province of West Greece and Ionian Islands. Patra has a population of over 200,000 and is an important commercial center and a busy port, with regular car-ferry services to and from Italy. Distance from Athens is 215 km W, 94 km (old: 100 km) NE of Pyrgos, 7 km S of Rio, 134 km slightly W of Corinth, 77 km NW of Kalavryta and 144 km NW of Tripoli.

Contents

Patra in Antiquity

Patra is a town with a history of more than 3,000 years. The ancient city of Patras was originally formed by the unification of three Mycenaean villages: Aroe, Antheia and Mesatis. After the Dorian invasion a group of Achaeans from Laconia, led by Patreas, established a colony and the city took its name from their leader. During Antiquity, Patras remained a farming region but in Roman times it became an important port.

Saint Andrew came to Patras to preach Christianity during the reign of Emperor Nero and was crucified as a martyr. He is considered the protector of the city. (A large byzantine-style basilica was built in the 1970s in his honor, on the traditional place of his crucifixion.)

Byzantine and Ottoman Patra

During the Byzantine period Patras continued to be an important port as well as an industrial center. Patras was invaded by the Turks in 1460. The first period of Turkish rule (1460 -1687) was a miserable one but from 1715 and on there was a revival of trade and so in the 18th century it became a prosperous town again economically based on agriculture and trade. Later Patras played an active part in the Independence struggle against the Ottomans (1821).

Modern Patra

The town nowadays remains divided into the Upper and Lower part with broad flights of steps, as well as streets, giving access between the two levels. The upper part is the older and more picturesque but the lower part is attractively laid out with plenty of squares, notably the square of Psila Alonia and Georgiou I square. There are a lot of neoclassical buildings like the theatre "Apollon" in Georgiou I Square, the Town Hall, the headquarters of the Local Trade Association and the Justice Court

The most interesting ancient monument in Patras is the Roman Odeon, now reconstructed and used as an open-air theatre for performances and concerts during the summer period. Overlooking the whole town is a ruined Castle, a relic of the Venetian invasion of the town (1687-1715). In current times, its interior is laid out as a public garden.

Patras is considered one of the most beautiful towns in Greece. It offers its resident a lot of facilities such as shopping centers, picturesque cafes, pubs, discos, restaurants as well as educational and cultural facilities such as schools, colleges, a university, a library, two theatres and some galleries and cinemas. Two state-funded hospitals exist in the city: Saint Andreus, the oldest of the two is named after the city's protector sant and it resides on the south side of the city. The University Hospital of Rio is a university hospital, where med-students inter and specialise in their major. It resides on the north-eastern part of the city, inside the city's University Park, the pak

One of the biggest tourist attractions of Patras, is the carnival festival, held every year in February-March. It is one of the most famous in the world coming just after Rio de Janeiro and Venice.

A new beltway, the length of which is 20 km, was first opened in 2002 to alleviate decrease traffic passing through the city.

There are around 10 local radio stations and 4 television stations, 1 covering the entire south-western region of Greece and 3 stations that broadcast only in the prefecture of Achaia. The main newspapers are the Peloponnisos [1] (http://www.peloponnisos.com.gr) and Imera.

Patras' industrial area is 20 km south of downtown, and is located between the 16th km of GR-9 and Fares/Phares (pro. FAH-rehs).

The length of rail is around 12 km. A train station is lying west of downtown between the port and Othonos-Amalias Avenue. A little north is a freight yard with about ten tracks. Its length is around 400 m. It is situated near the park and Athinon Street.

There is a small amusement park located next to Glaukos river.

Much of Patras' coastline has streets running alongside. Roads include Akte Dymaion in the south, and Iroon Polytechneiou in the north. Unfortunately, due to bad urban design planning and lack of ability on the part of the City Council to supervise and enforce laws, which in turn is due to the lack of financial planning, most of the city's coastal areas are being illegally occupied by shops which are illegally build on the coastline. The Greek constitution of 2001 declares that the Greek coastline is a "National Treasure" and as such it belongs to the People. As happens with most laws in Greece, few Greek citizens pay attention to that Article.

A (Λαϊκή)laikê(Produce bazaar) most weekends is situated SE of downtown, near Psila Alonia square ( Ψυλά Αλώνια plateía).

Quarters and Subdivisions:

Nearby communes

Communes:

Historical population:

Year Communal population Change Municipal population Change
1981 142,163 - - -
1991 152,570 10,407/7.32% 155,697 -
2001 - - 167,602 11,905/7.65%

The municipality includes the communities outside Patras are:

About 3,127 live outside the commune of Patras, they are Moira, Souli and Ekilistra along with areas in the Panachaicus range. That's about 2.01% of the population.

External links:




North: Strait of Rio-Antirio, Rhion
West: Gulf of Patras
Patras East: Erineos, east of the Panachaicus, Leontio (independent commune)
South: Paralia, Messatida/Messatis

See also:

Template:Achaeabg:Патра de:Patras el:Πάτρα fr:Patras la:Patrae nl:Patras

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