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Passamaquoddy Bay

From Academic Kids

Passamaquoddy Bay is an inlet of the Bay of Fundy, between Maine and New Brunswick, at the mouth of the St. Croix River. Most of the bay lies within Canada, with its southern shore formed by Deer Island, New Brunswick, eastern and northern shores by mainland Charlotte County, New Brunswick, and the western shore by Washington County, Maine. The largest community on Passamaquoddy Bay proper is St. Andrews, New Brunswick, although the twin communities of Calais-St. Stephen are sometimes included, despite being located on the St. Croix River, as well as the city of Eastport, Maine, despite being located south of the bay on the nearby Friar Roads.

The two entrances into Passamaquoddy Bay from the Bay of Fundy are the Letete Passage east of Deer Island, and the Western Passage to the west of Deer Island. The latter waterway also hosts the International Boundary between Canada and the United States.

Quoddy Project

A proposed regional development project for eastern Maine involving the construction of a tidal harness for electricity generation was started in 1935 with U.S. Public Works Administration funding and with the blessing of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt whose summer home was on nearby Campobello Island. Also known as the Quoddy Project, it proposed the blockage of Cobscook Bay and Passamaquoddy Bay to use the resulting water level difference to generate electrical power. Part of this project was completed with tidal dykes built between Pleasant Point-Carlow Island-Moose Island. These barriers presently host the Maine Central Railroad and Maine Highway 190. The project was suspended one year later after the United States Congress refused further funding, thus the actual barrier dams never being built.

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