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Parisii

From Academic Kids

The Parisii (or Quarisii) were a Celtic Iron Age people that lived on the banks of the river Seine (in Latin, Sequana) in Gaul from the middle of the third century B.C. until the Roman era.

Their chief city (oppidum) was Lutetia Parisiorum, which later became an important city in the Roman province of Gallia Lugdunensis and ultimately the modern city of Paris. (The name Paris is derived from Parisii).

With the Suessiones, the Parisii participated in the general rising of Vercingetorix against Julius Caesar in 52 B.C. Following their defeat some may at this time have fled to Britain although it is more likely that Parisii had already colonised part of the island before this time and preceding the waves of Belgic immigration.

The Romano-British Parisii tribe of East Yorkshire and Humberside in Britain is traditionally seen as being comprised of emigrants from the tribe of the same name based in Gaul. The burial processes of the Gaulish and British tribes differ slightly but the Iron Age Arras Culture which settled around East Yorkshire in the early La Tene period shows distinctive continental influence. Barry Cunliffe states that the Arras Culture, which is associated with the Parisii demonstrates economic and social continuity from the 5th century BC onwards however and the view that the East Yorkshire Parisii were a colony of the Gaulish Parisii is may be a simplistic one.

Burials involving placing the deceased in a wheeled vehicle beneath square barrows are found in both the Marne region of France and in the British Parisii homeland which was considered proof of a genetic link. An alternative explanation to a folk movement however is that the British Arras culture was an attempt by some of the native Britons attempt to ape continental society. It may be that the upper echelons of British society were trying to distinguish themselves by copying foreign ways. The vehicle burial aspect of the culture developed in Britain in the third and second centuries BC which suggests that it was adopted independently and prior to the historic defeat of Vercingetorix. Alternatively the practice may have been forgotten and then re-introduced by an immigrant group.

Either way, it is clear from the archaeological record that the two Parisii groups had a close affinity

There is some speculation by genealogists that the modern surnames Paris, Parrish, O'Parish, etc. have origins in the Parisii. [1] (http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~sroots/parish.htm).

See also

External link

  1. The Origins of the Family Names of Paris, Parish, Parrish, Pary, Parys, Etc. (http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~sroots/parish.htm)fr:Parisii
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