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Pannonian plain

From Academic Kids

The Pannonian plain is a large plain in central/south-eastern Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. The river Danube divides the plain roughly in half.

Missing image
Pannonian_plain01.jpg
map of Pannonian plain

The plain is roughly bounded by the Carpathian mountains, the Alps, the Dinaric Alps and the Balkan mountains. Because of the long Carpathian border, it can also be referred to as the Carpathian Basin. Another term is Great Hungarian Plain, though it is seldom used. The former Hungarian Kingdom was centered around the plain and included almost all of it. The basin forms a topographically discrete unit set in the European landscape, surrounded by imposing geographic boundaries that have created a fairly unified cultural area that looks more towards the south and east than to the north and west.

Although the rain is not plentiful, it usually falls when necessary and the plain is a major agricultural area; it is sometimes said that these fields of rich loamy loess soil could feed the whole of Europe. For its early settlers, the plain offered few sources of metals or stone. Thus when archaeologists come upon objects of obsidian or chert, copper or gold, they have almost unparalleled opportunities to interpret ancient pathways of trade.

Today the plain is divided among Croatia, Hungary, Slovakia, Austria, Romania, Ukraine and Serbia and Montenegro. The peripannonian lands, areas around this plain but not elevated like the surrounding mountains, also spread into Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Large areas of the plain that do not necessarily correspond to national borders include:

Pannonian Sea

The precursor to the present plain was a shallow sea that reached its greatest extent during the Pliocene, when three to four kilometres of sediments were deposited.

See also

External link

pl:Nizina Węgierska

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