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Pacific Islands

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The Pacific Ocean has an estimated 20,000 to 30,000 islands; the exact number is unknown. These islands are also sometimes collectively called Oceania, and are traditionally grouped into three: (1) Melanesia, (2) Micronesia, and (3) Polynesia.

Melanesia means black islands. These include New Guinea (the largest Pacific island,which is divided into the nation of Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian province of Irian Jaya), New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, and the Solomon Islands.

Micronesia means small islands. These include the Marianas, Guam, Palau, the Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

Polynesia means many islands. These include New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, the Midway Atoll, Samoa, American Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, the Cook Islands, French Polynesia, and Easter Island.

There are also many other islands located within the boundaries of the Pacific Ocean, but these are not considered part of Oceania. These islands include the Galapagos Islands of Ecuador; the Aleutian Islands in Alaska; the Russian islands of Sakhalin and Kuril Islands; the island nation of Japan, which includes the Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan; the Philippines; the South China Sea Islands; and most of the islands of Indonesia.

The Pacific Islands Geography: About 25,000 islands dot the Pacific Ocean. The region is divided into three areas; Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia. The regions islands are also classified in two groups; high islands and low islands. Volcanoes form high islands. High islands support more people and have a more fertile soil. Low islands are reef or atolls. Low islands are built on coral reefs. Low islands are quite small. Melanesia is the most populated island region. Most of Melanesias large islands are high islands. Most of the islands of Micronesia lie north of the equator. Polynesia is the largest island region in the Pacific Ocean. The Pacific Island region has few natural resources.

List of Islands

  • Western Samoa (see Samoa)

See also


Countries and territories in Oceania
Australia | American Samoa | Baker Island | Cook Islands | East Timor | Fiji | French Polynesia | Guam | Howland Island | Jarvis Island | Johnston Atoll | Kingman Reef | Kiribati | Marshall Islands | Federated States of Micronesia | Midway Atoll | Nauru | New Caledonia | New Zealand | Niue | Norfolk Island | Northern Mariana Islands | Palau | Palmyra Atoll | Papua New Guinea | Pitcairn | Samoa | Solomon Islands | Tokelau | Tonga | Tuvalu | Vanuatu | Wallis and Futuna | Wake Island
ko:태평양의 섬들

id:Kepulauan Pasifik pl:Wyspy Australii i Oceanii

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