Oviedo

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Oviedo
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Flag of Oviedo

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Coat of arms of Oviedo

Flag of Oviedo Coat of arms of Oviedo
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Oviedo.png
Municipality of Oviedo


Asturias
Capital Oviedo
Area
 - total
 - % of Asturias
Ranked 21st
184.32 km²
1.7%
Population
 - total
 - % of Asturias
 - Density
Ranked 2nd
213,600 (3/2005)
±19.2%
±1101,01 inhab/km²
Denomyn
 - English
 - Spanish
Mayor D. Gabino de Lorenzo Ferrera (PP)
Town councillors 25 seats + the Mayor
Political Parties
(elections of 2003)
16 seats PP: Popular Party
7 seats PSOE: Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
2 seats IU: United Left
1 seat Independent
Municipality of Oviedo (in Spanish) (http://www.ayto-oviedo.es/)

Oviedo (Asturian, Uviéu; Latin, Ovetus) is the capital city of the Principality of Asturias in northern Spain.

Oviedo is the capital of the Principality of Asturias and is the administrative and commercial centre of the region. The city also hosts the annual Prince of Asturias Awards, held in the Campoamor Theatre. The Oviedo University's International Campus also attracts many foreign scholars.

Contents

History

Little could the monks Máximo and Fromestano, founders of the city in 761, have suspected that their choice of a hill in the centre of Asturias would give rise to an urban, commercial, ecclesiastic and military life that has lasted for more than one thousand two hundred years. That first settlement was to be soon completed with the construction of a small church dedicated to Saint Vicente.

King Fruela I, the fourth of the Asturian monarchs, was the first decided promoter of the city as may be witnessed by his construction of both a palace and a nearby church. Nevertheless, Oviedo owes to Alfonso II, The Chaste (791-842) its establishment as a capital city and ruling seat as a result of the moving of the court from Pravia and the creation of the Pilgrim’s Route to Santiago de Compostela, a major event in the history of Oviedo, a church dedicated to The Saviour, the Cathedral of San Salvador, and a royal palace formed the nucleus and motive power of Oviedo.

During this period the city became the centre of an original and unique architectural expression, inheritor of Visigothic, Moorish and Nordic traditions, which was to reach its high point during the reign of Ramiro I.

The moving of the royal court to León, after the death of Alfonso III, The Great, links the life of the city to the relics preserved in its cathedral and the passing of pilgrims that visit El Salvador, and continue on their way to Santiago de Compostela. The following centuries (XII-XVI) witness the development of the medieval city, the outlines of which are still preserved today, the construction of the city walls, a devastating fire which took place on Christmas Eve in 1521, and the formidable aqueduct works, Los Pilares, constructed in order to provide the city with water throughout the XVI century.

The foundation of the Arts College (University of Oviedo) by Fernando de Valdés Salas, at the beginning of the XVII century, opened Oviedo to a progressive urban expansion, further impulse in the XVII by the city nobility and the construction of remarkable palaces; in the XIX century by industrial growth and the suburban development of Uría Street, and finally in the XX century by administrative and commercial development.

Architecture

Culture

It inspired the fictional city of Vetusta in Leopoldo Alas' La Regenta. Other Spanish writers were inspired by this city like Ramón Pérez de Ayala in Tigre Juan and Dolores Medio in her novel Nosotros los Rivero


Museums in Oviedo:

List of Museums


Other centres of culture in Oviedo:

  • Campoamor Theatre
  • Filarmónica Theatre
  • Prince Felipe's Auditorium
  • Congress Palace (in construction)

Sports


Anual Sports Events:

  • International Showjumping Competition
  • City of Oviedo Horse Show
  • City of Oviedo San Silvestre
  • City of Oviedo Trial Indoor
  • Outdoor Sports Climbing
  • Vuelta a España (Cycling)
  • Tour of Asturias (Cycling)
  • Ascent of Naranco (Cycling)
  • City of Oviedo Mountain Bike Open
  • City of Oviedo Cycle Criterium
  • Base Hockey International Tournament
  • International Icehockey Tournament
  • Prince of Asturias International Rally
  • National Auto-Cross Championship
  • International Hurdles Competition
  • International Chess Open
  • Boxing Nights
  • City of Oviedo Weightlifting Championship
  • Ascension Bowls Tournament
  • San Mateo Bowls Tournament

Feast and Traditions

The Festive Calendar:

  • Procesion of the Three Wise Men: The traditional retinue that accompanies the Three Wise Men of the East parade through the city and make their offering of the Child Jesus in the Cathedral Square.
  • El Antroxu (Carnival):
  • Feast of the Ascension:
  • La Foguera de San Xuan (Saint John's Bonfire):
  • La Balesquida or Martes del Bollu:
  • The Feast of San Mateo:
  • The Celebration of Disarmament's Day:


Gastronomy:

  • Fabada (Stew of beans, pork, etc.)
  • Callos (Tripe)
  • Carne gobernada (Meat cut into pieces prepared with onion, garlic and white wine.)
  • Merluza a la sidra (Hake prepared in cider)
  • Paxarines
  • Carbayones: Typical cake of Oviedo
  • Sidra (Cider): Asturian typical drink

Other cities in the municipality


Links




Template:Municipalities of Asturiasast:Uviéu (conceyu) be:Аўеда de:Oviedo es:Oviedo gl:Oviedo sv:Oviedo

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