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Otsego County, New York

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Image:Map of New York highlighting Otsego County.png

Otsego County is a county located in the state of New York, USA. The 2003 population estimate was 62,196, a 2.9% increase from 1990. The county seat is Cooperstown. The name Otsego is from an Indian word meaning "place of the rock."

Contents

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Otsego County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

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Otsego_County_1791.png
Map of Otsego County, at its formation
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Otsego_County_1792-1793.png
Map of Otsego County, New York, by Simeon De Witt c. 1792-1793
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Otsego_County_NY_1829.png
1829 map of Otsego County, New York

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

Otsego County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Herkimer, and Tioga County). Otsego county was officially established on February 16, 1791, with Cooperstown as its county seat, even though the village of Cherry Valley was at the time much larger. The original county consisted of three large townships:

Otsego and Cherry Valley together roughly covered the area of modern Otsego County, while Harpersfield covered the area south of the current county, as far a the Delaware River.

The original appointments to Otsego County government positions, made by Governor George Clinton included:

By 1793, four towns had been added to the county by division of the existing towns:

The area of Otesgo County was reduced by a number of subsequent splits.

In 1795, a piece of Otsego County was joined with a portion taken from Albany County to create Schoharie County.

In 1797, a piece of Otsego County was joined with a portion taken from Ulster County to create Delaware County.

Geography

Otsego County is in central New York State, to the west of Albany, southeast of Utica, and northeast of Binghamton. The county is considered by some to belong to the Southern Tier region of New York State.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,629 km² (1,015 mi²). 2,597 km² (1,003 mi²) of it is land and 32 km² (12 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 1.21% water.

Economy

The Village of Cooperstown (home town of James Fenimore Cooper), located at the south end of Otsego Lake, attracts many tourists to the Baseball Hall of Fame and the New York State Historical Association museums. The City of Oneonta is the home of Hartwick College, the State University of New York at Oneonta, and the Soccer Hall of Fame. The county as a whole remains relatively rural, with dairy farming an important industry.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 61,676 people, 23,291 households, and 15,115 families residing in the county. The population density is 24/km² (62/mi²). There are 28,481 housing units at an average density of 11/km² (28/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 95.80% White, 1.75% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. 1.90% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 23,291 households out of which 29.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.10% are married couples living together, 9.50% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% are non-families. 27.00% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.60% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.43 and the average family size is 2.94.

In the county the population is spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 14.40% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $33,444, and the median income for a family is $41,110. Males have a median income of $29,988 versus $22,609 for females. The per capita income for the county is $16,806. 14.90% of the population and 8.80% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 15.80% of those under the age of 18 and 8.20% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Towns,       Villages and Cities

Missing image
Map_of_Otsego_County_NY_Bacon's_History_1902.jpg
Map of Otsego County NY to accompany Bacon's History 1902

Burlington
Butternuts Village of Gilbertsville
Cherry Valley     Village of Cherry Valley
Decatur
Edmeston
Exeter
Hartwick
Laurens Village of Laurens
Maryland
Middlefield
Milford Village of Milford
Morris Village of Morris
New Lisbon
Oneonta City of Oneonta
Otego Village of Otego
Otsego Village of Cooperstown
Pittsfield
Plainfield
Richfield Village of Richfield Springs
Roseboom
Springfield
Unadilla Village of Unadilla
West End
Westford
Worcester

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Counties:

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de:Otsego County (New York)

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