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Organometallic chemistry

From Academic Kids

Organometallic chemistry is the study of chemical compounds containing bonds between carbon and a metal. Organometallic chemistry combines aspects of inorganic chemistry and organic chemistry. Organometallic compounds are distinguished by the prefix "organo-". The organopalladium compounds are an example of this. Typical organometallic compounds are the organozinc compounds ClZnCH2C(=0)OEt and chloro(ethoxycarbonylmethyl)zinc and the organocuprates Li[CuMe2] and lithium dimethylcuprate, the organomagnesium compounds MeMgI, iodo(methyl)magnesium and diethylmagnesium which are Grignard reagents and organolithium compounds such as n-butyllithium.

An important class of organometallic compounds are metallocenes with ferrocene as a prime example. The term "metal" is defined deliberately broadly in this context and may include elements, such as silicon, arsenic or boron, which are not metallic but are considered to be metalloids such as the organoborane Et3B triethylborane. There is also the group of poor metal elements such as aluminium that form Ziegler-Natta catalysts.


Organometallic compounds often find practical use as catalysts, in for example the processing of petroleum products and the production of organic polymers.

Organometallic chemistry timeline


Organometallics

See also

de:Organometallchemie ca:Compost organometàl·lic es:Química organometálica id:kimia organologam

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