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Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

From Academic Kids

The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organisation of those developed countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. It originated as the Organisation for European Economy Co-operation (OEEC), to help administer the Marshall Plan for the re-construction of Europe after World War II. Later its membership was extended to non-European states, and in 1961 it was reformed into the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Since 1996 the secretary-general of the OECD has been Donald J. Johnston of Canada.

Among other areas, the OECD has taken a role in coordinating international action on corruption and bribery, creating the OCED Anti-Bribery Convention, which came into effect in February 1999.

The OECD's headquarters are at the Chteau de la Muette in Paris.

Members

There are currently thirty full members; of these, 24 are described as high-income countries by the World Bank in 2003. Countries that became members of the OECD in 1961 do not have dates after their names. Other nations are listed with their years of admission.

The Commission of the European Union is participating in the work of OECD, alongside the EU Member States.

See also

External links


bg:Организация за икономическо сътрудничество и развитие

ca:Organitzaci per a la Cooperaci i el Desenvolupament Econmic cs:Organizace pro hospodářskou spolupráci a rozvoj de:Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development es:Organizacin para la Cooperacin y el Desarrollo Econmico fr:Organisation pour la coopration et le dveloppement conomique ko:OECD he:OECD nl:Organisatie voor Economische Samenwerking en Ontwikkeling ja:経済協力開発機構 pl:OECD

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