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Old Italic alphabet

From Academic Kids

Template:Alphabet Old Italic refers to a number of related historical Latin-related alphabets used on the Italian peninsula which were used for some non-Indo-European (Etruscan and probably North Picene) languages.

The alphabets derive from Euboean Greek Cumaean alphabet, used at Ischia and Cumae in the Bay of Naples in the eighth century BC. Cumaean, in turn showed strong similarities to the Phoenician alphabet, lending support to theories of Phoenician influence in the West Mediterranean region.

Various Indo-European languages belonging to the Italic branch (Faliscan and members of the Sabellian group, including Oscan, Umbrian, and South Picene, and other Indo-European branches such as Venetic and Messapic. Faliscan, Oscan, Umbrian, North Picene, and South Picene all derive from an Etruscan form of the alphabet.

LetterTranslit.Name LetterTranslit.Name LetterTranslit.Name
𐌀aa 𐌁bbe 𐌂cke
𐌃dde 𐌄ee 𐌅vve
𐌆zze 𐌇hhe 𐌈bthe
𐌉ii 𐌊kka 𐌋lel
𐌌mem 𐌍nen 𐌎šesh
𐌏oo 𐌐ppe 𐌑śshe
𐌒qku 𐌓rer 𐌔ses
𐌕tte 𐌖uu 𐌗xeks
𐌘phphe 𐌙chkhe 𐌚fef
𐌛řers 𐌜che 𐌝ii
𐌞uu 𐌠I1 𐌡V5
𐌢X10 𐌣D50


The Etruscan alphabet

It is not clear whether the process of adaptation from the Greek alphabet took place in Italy from the first colony of Greeks, the city of Cumae, or in Greece/Asia Minor. The Etruscan was mostly written from left to right. It was in any case a Western Greek alphabet. In the alphabets of the West, X had the sound value , Ψ stood for ; in Etruscan: X = , Ψ = or (Rix 202-209).

An additional sign, 8, was present in both Lydian and Etruscan (Jensen 513). Its origin is disputed; it may be an altered B or H or an ex novo creation (Rix 202). Its sound value was and it replaced the Etruscan FH.

The Unicode standard includes support for the Etruscan alphabet (your browser may or may not display the characters properly, if at all):

The Oscan alphabet

Image:Oscanalphabet.png

External links

eo:Etruska alfabeto fr:Alphabet trusque ru:Этрусский алфавит

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