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Nordland

From Academic Kids

Template:Alternateuses Nordland is a county in Norway, bordering Troms and Nord-Trøndelag. The county administration is in Bodø. The island of Jan Mayen is also administrated from Nordland.

Nordland fylke
Missing image
Nordland_vapen.png


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Nordland_kart.png


County NO-18
Region Nord-Norge
Administrative centre Bodø
County mayor  
Area
 - Total
 - Percentage
Ranked 2
38,456 km²
11.86 %
Population
 - Total (2004)
 - Percentage
 - Change (10 years)
 - Density
Ranked 9
237,057
5.18 %
-1.6 %
7/km²
Gross Regional Product
 - Total (2001)
 - Percentage
 - GRP/capita
Ranked 9
48,065 million NOK
3.15 %
202,039 NOK

Nordland extends about 500 km from Nord-Trøndelag to Troms. It has a rugged coastline. It includes the Lofoten islands as well as the Vesterålen islands.

The key industries are fisheries and offshore petroleum exploration. Nordland is well known for the fishing of codfish and salmon hydroponics farming. Subarctic farming is another regional economy, primarily relying on heavy government subisidies for needed support, and comprise mainly of livestock such as cattle , sheep, and goats. Some mining, in particular limestone, construction material, wolfram to mention a few and extensive dams for hydroelectric power are other prime sources of profitable revenues. The port of Narvik has a direct rail connection to the well known and profitable Kiruna-Gällivare iron-ore fields in Sweden. The chief pyrite deposits are near Mo and Sulitjelma, while iron ore is mined in Dunderlands Valley.

Nordland has also a diverse economy, with fledgling research and development in aerospace and space exploration at the Andøya facility, which primarily is known for its satellite launches. This vast province, Norways second largest, has undoubtedly a key strategic importance for NATO, and the NATO airbase in Bodø is one of NATO's key bases in Northern Europe. The decommissioning of closing military bases has lead to a regional shift towards a new knowledge based economy.

Nordland is also known for an advanced hydroponics industry, primarily revolving around salmon. Main export markets are Germany, Scandinavia, Britain, Netherlands, Italy, Spain, France, Russia and Japan, and Nordland is now experiencing a relative growth after some decades or relative depopulation. Furthermore, Nordland could be compared to several American states in area size, as well as being close to Denmark in landmass.

Municipalities

Template:Counties of Norwayda:Nordland de:Nordland eo:Nordland fr:Comté de Nordland nl:Nordland no:Nordland nn:Nordland fylke ro:Nordland se:Nordlánda sv:Nordland fylke

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