Advertisement

Newark Liberty International Airport

From Academic Kids

Newark Liberty International Airport
Summary
Type of airport commercial
Run by Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
Opened October 1, 1928
City Newark & Elizabeth,
New Jersey, United States
Coordinates Template:Coor dms
IATA EWR ICAO KEWR
Runways
Direction Length Surface
(ft) (m)
4L-22R 11,000 3,353 Asphalt
4R-22L 9,980 3,042 Asphalt
11-29 6,800 2,072 Asphalt
Statistics
2003
Number of passengers 29,428,899
Number of takeoffs/Landings 405,734
Air cargo transported 890,712 tons
Air mail transported 73,611 tons
Comments on this test infobox

Newark Liberty International Airport (formerly Newark International Airport) Template:Airport codes is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. It is west of four New York City boroughs, and is north of Staten Island.

Along with JFK and LaGuardia, it is one of the main airports serving the New York City area. Continental Airlines is Newark's largest tenant, operating an entire terminal at Newark. United Airlines and FedEx operate cargo hubs.

Contents

History

Newark Airport was the first major airport in the New York area: it opened on October 1, 1928, occupying an area of reclaimed marshland.

In 1935, Amelia Earhart dedicated the Newark Airport Administration Building, which is considered by many to be the world's first commercial airline terminal. Newark was the busiest airport in the world until LaGuardia Airport opened in 1939, dividing New York's air traffic and allowing Midway Airport to take the lead. Newark was soon closed to passenger traffic and taken over by the United States Army for logistics operations during World War II.

The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey took over the airport in 1948 and made major investments in airport infrastructure, opening new runways and hangars and revamping the airport's terminal layout. Airline traffic resumed that year. The art deco Administration Building served as the main terminal until the opening of the North Terminal in 1953, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.

In the 1970s the airport underwent a significant enlargement, including the construction of the current Terminals A, B, and C, and was renamed Newark International Airport. Terminals A and B opened in 1973, although some charter and international flights requiring customs clearance remained at the North Terminal. Terminal C remained uncompleted until 1988.

Underutilized throughout the 1970s, Newark expanded dramatically in the 1980s. People Express struck a deal with the Port Authority to use the North Terminal in 1981 and began operations at Newark that year. It quickly rose to become one of the largest American airlines, bringing more traffic to the airport. Virgin Atlantic Airways began flights from Newark to London in 1984, challenging JFK's status as New York's international gateway (however, Virgin Atlantic now has as many flights going out of JFK as they do out of Newark). When People Express was bought out by Continental in 1987, the now-demolished North Terminal was shuttered forever. Newark, however, remained a hub for Continental, which operated out of Terminal B until the opening of Terminal C in 1988.

On September 11, 2001, United Airlines Flight 93, which was on its way from Newark to San Francisco International Airport, crashed in Pennsylvania, due to a passenger uprising against terrorist hijackers. Based on the direction that the plane was flying at the time and information gathered afterwards, most observers believe that the hijackers intended to crash the plane into a target in Washington, DC, such as the Capitol or White House. In memory of this event, the airport's name was changed from Newark International Airport to Newark Liberty International Airport. Despite the name change hardly anyone in the New York City area calls by its new name. The most often used name by locals is "Newark Airport". See September 11 Terrorist Attacks.

In 2003, Newark became the terminus of the world's longest scheduled airline route, Continental's service to Hong Kong. In 2004, Singapore Airlines broke Continental's record by starting direct 18-hour flights to Singapore from Newark. In 2005, Continental received government approval to fly from Newark to Beijing beginning June 15, 2005 and New Delhi: when these services begin, Continental will become the first airline to serve India nonstop from the United States, and the second U.S. carrier, after United, to serve China nonstop.

Terminals

Missing image
EWR_airport_map.gif
FAA diagram of Newark Airport

Newark Liberty International Airport has three passenger terminals. Terminal A and Terminal B were completed in 1973 and have a three-story layout, with departures on the top floor, arrivals on the middle floor, and flight operations on the ground floor. Terminal C, completed in 1988, has two departures levels with a food and shopping mezzanine between the departures and arrivals halls.

Each terminal is subdivided into three numbered concourses: Terminal A, for instance, is divided into concourses A1, A2, and A3. Gate numbering is continuous through all the terminals.

Terminal A

Terminal A has 27 gates, numbered 10 through 39. It is the only terminal at Newark not fitted with immigration facilities: flights arriving from other countries (except Canada) cannot use Terminal A, although many departing international flights use the terminal.

Terminal B

Terminal B has 23 gates, numbered 40 through 68.

Terminal C

  • Continental Airlines (Acapulco, Aguadilla, Albuquerque, Amsterdam, Anchorage (via Seattle/Tacoma), Antigua, Aruba, Austin, Barbados, Beijing, Belfast, Berlin Tegel, Bermuda, Birmingham (UK), Bogota, Boston, Bristol, Brussels, Buffalo, Calgary, Cancun, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Cozumel, Denver, Detroit, Dublin, Edinburgh, Ft. Lauderdale, Ft. Myers, Frankfurt, Geneva, Glasgow, Guayaquil, Halifax, Hamburg, Hayden, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Houston Hobby, Houston Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kingston, Lima, Lisbon, London Gatwick, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester (NH), Manchester (UK), Mexico City, Miami, Milan, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Montego Bay, Montrose/Telluride, Nassau, New Orleans, Orange County (Santa Ana), Orlando, Oslo, Panama City (Panama), Paris Charles de Gaulle, Phoenix, Port of Spain, Portland (OR), Providence, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh-Durham, Rome, St. Maarten, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Jose del Cabo, San Jose (CR), San Juan, Santiago (DR), Santo Domingo, Sao Paulo, Sarasota, Seattle, Shannon, St. Thomas, Stockholm, Tampa, Tel Aviv, Tokyo Narita, Toronto, Tucson, Vail, West Palm Beach, Zurich, Los Cabos, Grand Cayman, Puerto Vallarta)
  • Continental Express (Albany, Asheville, Baltimore/Washington, Bangor, Birmingham (AL), Boston, Buffalo, Burlington, Charleston (SC), Charlotte, Cincinnati, Columbia, Columbus, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Detroit, Fayeteville (AR), Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville, Halifax, Hartford, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Kansas City, Knoxville, Lexington, Little Rock, Louisville, Madison, Manchester (NH), Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Montreal, Myrtle Beach, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ottawa, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Providence, Quebec, Raleigh-Durham, Sarasota, Savannah, St. John's, St. Louis, Syracuse, Toronto, Tulsa)

Ground Transportation

AirTrain

Newark is a multimodal airport. A monorail system, AirTrain Newark, provides free connections between the terminals and a paid connection between the terminals and Amtrak and NJ Transit trains at the Newark Liberty International Airport Train Station. (One ticket can be used for AirTrain and NJ Transit, while a separate ticket is needed for Amtrak.) Passengers can use this connection to travel directly from EWR to any station along the Northeast Corridor, including regional transit hubs such as New York City's Pennsylvania Station.

Continental Airlines uses this rail connection to book passengers through Newark to 30th Street Station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Wilmington Rail Station in Wilmington, Delaware, Penn Station in New York, New York, Stamford Rail Station in Stamford, Connecticut, and Union Station in New Haven, Connecticut.

Other Connections

Numerous bus services run between Newark Liberty and nearby population centers, including New Jersey Transit, Airporter, and Olympia Trails. Express buses to Manhattan transit hubs (Grand Central Terminal, Port Authority Bus Terminal, etc.) cost $12. There is also bus service to JFK Airport, which costs $23.

Alternatively there is the New Jersey Transit number 62 bus which provides local service from the airport to downtown Newark, including Newark's Penn Station at a fare of $1.70. Someone coming from New York could take the subway from their home at $2.00 (or less if they have a unlimited use Metrocard), transfer to PATH at $1.50, and the number 62 bus at $1.70 for a total cost of $5.20.

Taxis also operate from the airport at flat rates based on destination. From the City of New York, fares are set by New York City's Taxi and Limousine Commission. From New York City, the taxi fare shall be the metered rate plus a surcharge of $15.00 plus the cost of round trip tolls. This is approximately $40 to $75 depending on the exact origin. Newark Liberty is the only exception to the rule that a New York City taxi driver may refuse to take a passenger to any destination outside the five boroughs.

From Newark Airport to Manhattan, the taxi fare is a set fee plus round trip tolls. From Newark Airport to

  • Battery Park to West 34th Street: $40.00
  • West 35th Street to West 58th Street: $45.00
  • West 59th Street to West 109th Street: $50.00
  • West 110th Street to West 185th Street: $55.00
  • North of 185th Street: $60.00
  • New York / LaGuardia Airport: $65.00
  • New York / Kennedy Airport: $75.00

There is an additional charge of $5.00 for all destinations on the east side of Manhattan between Battery Park and 185th Street.

Continental Airlines also books passengers via bus to Lehigh Valley International Airport in Allentown, Pennsylvania, a 90-minute trip.

For more information about transportation to EWR, see transportation to New York City area airports.

External Links

es:Aeropuerto Internacional Libertad de Newark fr:Aroport international Newark Liberty ja:ニューアーク国際空港 sv:Newark Liberty International Airport

Navigation

Academic Kids Menu

  • Art and Cultures
    • Art (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Art)
    • Architecture (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Architecture)
    • Cultures (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Cultures)
    • Music (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Music)
    • Musical Instruments (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/List_of_musical_instruments)
  • Biographies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Biographies)
  • Clipart (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Clipart)
  • Geography (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Geography)
    • Countries of the World (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Countries)
    • Maps (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Maps)
    • Flags (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Flags)
    • Continents (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Continents)
  • History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History)
    • Ancient Civilizations (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Ancient_Civilizations)
    • Industrial Revolution (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Industrial_Revolution)
    • Middle Ages (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Middle_Ages)
    • Prehistory (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Prehistory)
    • Renaissance (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Renaissance)
    • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
    • United States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States)
    • Wars (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Wars)
    • World History (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/History_of_the_world)
  • Human Body (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Human_Body)
  • Mathematics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Mathematics)
  • Reference (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Reference)
  • Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Science)
    • Animals (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Animals)
    • Aviation (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Aviation)
    • Dinosaurs (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Dinosaurs)
    • Earth (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Earth)
    • Inventions (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Inventions)
    • Physical Science (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Physical_Science)
    • Plants (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Plants)
    • Scientists (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Scientists)
  • Social Studies (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Social_Studies)
    • Anthropology (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Anthropology)
    • Economics (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Economics)
    • Government (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Government)
    • Religion (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Religion)
    • Holidays (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Holidays)
  • Space and Astronomy
    • Solar System (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Solar_System)
    • Planets (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Planets)
  • Sports (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Sports)
  • Timelines (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Timelines)
  • Weather (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Weather)
  • US States (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/US_States)

Information

  • Home Page (http://academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php)
  • Contact Us (http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/Contactus)

  • Clip Art (http://classroomclipart.com)
Toolbox
Personal tools