Nasal cavity

From Academic Kids

The nasal cavity is a large air-filled space above and behind the nose in the middle of the face. The nasal cavity is important in warming and cleaning the air as it is inhaled. The nasal cavity also contains organs involved in olfaction.

Anatomy of the nasal cavity
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Anatomy of the nasal cavity

The nasal cavity is enclosed by the nasal bone above and by the maxilla and ethmoid bone on the sides. The palate separates the nasal cavity from the mouth. To the front of the nasal cavity is the nose, while the back is continuous with the pharynx. The paranasal sinuses are connected to the nasal cavity through small orifices called ostia.

The nasal cavity is divided in two by a vertical fin called the nasal septum. On the sides of the nasal cavity are three horizontal outgrowths called turbinates or conchae (singular "concha"). These turbinates disrupt the airflow, directing air toward the olfactory epithelium on the surface of the turbinates and the septum. The vomeronasal organ is located at the back of the septum and has a role in pheremone detection.

Cilia and mucus along the inside wall of the nasal cavity trap and remove dust and germs from the air as it flows through the nasal cavity. The cillia move the mucus down the nasal cavity to the pharnyx, where it can be swallowed.

There is a rich blood supply to the nasal cavity. In some animals, such as dogs, the capillary beds flowing through the nasal cavity help cool the blood flow to the brain.

Diseases of the nasal cavity include viral infections and nasal cavity cancer.


Respiratory system Edit (http://en.wikipedia.org/w/wiki.phtml?title=MediaWiki:Respiratory_system&action=edit)

Nose - Nasal cavity - Pharynx - Larynx - Trachea - Lungs - Conducting zone - Respiratory zone

it:Fossa nasale

ja:鼻腔 lt:Nosies ertmė pt:Fossas nasais

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