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Mpumalanga Province

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Mpumalanga
Missing image
SouthAfricaMpumalanga.png


Province motto Omnia labor vincit
Capital Nelspruit
Largest City Nelspruit
Premier Thabang Makwetla
Area 79,490 km
Population (2001)

 - Total (2001)
 - Density

 

3,122,994
39/km

Mpumalanga, (name changed from Eastern Transvaal in 24 August 1995), is a province in South Africa. The name means "the place where the sun rises". Mpumalanga lies in the east of South Africa, north of KwaZulu-Natal and bordering Swaziland and Mozambique. It occupies 6.5% of the country's land. In the north it borders with Limpopo and in the east is Free State and Gauteng provinces. The capital is Nelspruit.

Contents

History

To see pre-1994 history see Transvaal.

Geography

The Drakensberg Escarpment cuts through Mpumalanga. The top half consists mainly of grassland called the Highveld while bottom half is a subtropical Lowveld/Bushveld. In this area is the southern half of the Kruger National Park.

Fauna and flora

Law and government

Economy

The climatic contrasts between the drier Highveld region, with its cold winters, and the hot, humid Lowveld allows for a variety of agricultural activities. More than 68% of Mpumalanga is utilised by agriculture. Crops include maize, wheat,sorghum, barley, sunflower seed, soybeans, groundnuts, sugar cane, vegetables, coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, citrus, subtropical and deciduous fruit and Forestry, especially around Sabie in the far north of the province, is extensive.

Natural grazing covers approximately 14% of Mpumalanga. The main products are beef, mutton, wool, poultry, and dairy.

Extensive mining is done and the minerials found include: Gold, Platinum group metals, Silica, Chromite, Vanadiferous Magnetite, Argentiferous Zinc, Antimony, Cobalt, Copper, Iron, Manganese, Tin, Coal, Andalusite, Chrysotile Asbestos, Kieselguhr, Limestone, Magnesite, Talc, and Shale.

Close to the coal deposits are most of South Africas coal Power Stations. Secunda is the site of one of the country's two petroleum-from-coal.

Demographics

Population groups Languages Spoken
African92.4% SiSwati30.8%
White6.5% IsiZulu26.4%
Asian0.2% IsiNdebele12.1%
Coloured0.2% Sepedi10.8%

Major cities and towns

See List of cities and towns in Mpumalanga

External links


Provinces of South Africa Flag of South Africa
Eastern Cape | Free State | Gauteng | KwaZulu-Natal | Limpopo | Mpumalanga | Northern Cape | North West | Western Cape
af:Mpumalanga

de:Mpumalanga eo:Mpumalanga es:Provincia de Mpumalanga ja:ムプマランガ州 nl:Mpumalanga sv:Mpumalanga

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