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Montgomery County, Maryland

From Academic Kids

Template:US County infobox Montgomery County is a suburban county located in the state of Maryland north and west of Washington, D.C..

Its county seat is Rockville, and its most populous community is Silver Spring.

This county is a part of the Washington-Baltimore Metropolitan Area.

Contents

History

The area now known as Montgomery County was originally a part of Charles County when counties were first established in Maryland. In 1696 parts of Charles and Baltimore Counties were split off to form the new Prince George's County. In turn, in 1748, a portion of Prince George's County produced Frederick County. Montgomery County was formed in 1776 by the splitting of Frederick County. The former Frederick County was subdivided into three; the central portion remained Frederick County, while the western was named Washington County in honor of General (later President) George Washington, and the eastern part was named Montgomery County in honor of another Revolutionary War general, Richard Montgomery.

In 1791, portions of Montgomery and Prince George's County, Maryland, as well as parts of Virginia, were ceded to form the new District of Columbia. (The portions originally ceded by Virginia were returned by an act of U.S. Congress, approved July 9, 1846.)

In 1997, a portion of Prince George's County was transferred to Montgomery County so that the entire city of Takoma Park would be in a single county.

In 2002, Montgomery County caught national headlines durring the Beltway sniper attacks in October. The sniper attacks began October 2, 2002, with a series of five fatal shootings in 15 hours in Montgomery County. Montgomery County Police Chief Charles Moose achieved notoriety not just for his role in the case, but additionally for resigning because he was barred by law from writing a book about the incidents while still performing his job.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,313 km2 (507 mi2). 1,283 km2 (496 mi2) of it is land and 30 km2 (12 mi2) of it is water. The total area is 2.29% water.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 873,341 people, 324,565 households, and 224,274 families residing in the county. The population density is 680/km2 (1,762/mi2). There are 334,632 housing units at an average density of 261/km2 (675/mi2). The racial makeup of the county is 64.78% White, 15.14% African American, 0.29% Native American, 11.30% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 5.00% from other races, and 3.45% from two or more races. 11.52% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 324,565 households out of which 35.00% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.20% are married couples living together, 10.50% have a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% are non-families. 24.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.70% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.66 and the average family size is 3.19.

In the county the population is spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.20% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 92.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 88.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $71,551, and the median income for a family is $84,035. Males have a median income of $54,005 versus $40,714 for females. The per capita income for the county is $35,684. 5.40% of the population and 3.70% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 5.90% of those under the age of 18 and 5.90% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Law and government

Montgomery County was granted a charter form of government in 1948.

County Executives

NamePartyTerm
James P. GleasonRepublican1970-1978
Charles W. GilchristDemocrat1978-1986
Sidney KramerDemocrat1986-1990
Neal PotterDemocrat1990-1994
Douglas M. DuncanDemocrat1994-2006

Legislative body

The Montgomery County Council was originally composed of seven members, all elected at large, but with five required to reside in specific districts. In 19__ the charter was revised to provide that the five district councilmembers would be elected by the voters in their districts, but the size of the council was increased to nine members, with four at large.

Cities and towns

This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

Though the three incorporated cities of Gaithersburg, Rockville, and Takoma Park lie within its boundaries, the most urbanized areas in the county include such unincorporated areas as Bethesda and Silver Spring.

Occupying a middle ground between incorporated and unincorporated areas are Special Tax Districts, quasi-municipal unincorporated areas created by legislation passed by the Maryland General Assembly.[1] (http://mlis.state.md.us/other/Legislative_Handbooks/Volume%20VI/chapter4.htm) They lack home rule authority and must petition the General Assembly for changes affecting the authority of the district. The four incorporated villages of Montgomery County and the town of Chevy Chase View were originally established as Special Tax Districts. Three Special Tax Districts remain in the county:

  1. Drummond, Village of (1916)
  2. Friendship Heights and "The Hills" (1914)
  3. Oakmont (1918)

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

  1. Ashton-Sandy Spring (a combination of the communities of Ashton and Sandy Spring recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  2. Aspen Hill
  3. Bethesda
  4. Brookmont
  5. Burtonsville
  6. Cabin John
  7. Calverton (This CDP is shared between Montgomery and Prince George's Counties.)
  8. Chevy Chase (Note that this is also the name of an incorporated town!)
  9. Clarksburg
  10. Cloverly
  11. Colesville
  12. Damascus
  13. Darnestown
  14. Fairland
  15. Forest Glen
  16. Friendship Village (This CDP includes the Village of Friendship Heights.)
  17. Germantown
  18. Hillandale (This CDP is shared between Montgomery and Prince George's Counties.)
  19. Kemp Mill
  20. Montgomery Village
  21. North Bethesda
  22. North Kensington
  23. North Potomac
  24. Olney
  25. Potomac
  26. Redland
  27. Rossmoor
  28. Silver Spring
  29. South Kensington
  30. Travilah
  31. Wheaton-Glenmont (a combination of the communities of Wheaton and Glenmont recognized as a unit by the Census Bureau)
  32. White Oak

External link

Montgomery County goverment (http://www.montgomerycountymd.gov/)


Flag of Maryland

State of Maryland
</b> Cities | Government | History | U.S. Senators and Representatives

State Capital:

Annapolis

Regions:

Western | Southern | Eastern Shore | Baltimore-Washington Metro Area | Chesapeake | Delaware Valley

Notable Cities: Baltimore | Bowie | College Park | Cumberland | Frederick | Gaithersburg | Greenbelt | Hagerstown | Laurel | Rockville | Salisbury | Takoma Park | Westminster
Counties:

Allegany | Anne Arundel | Baltimore City | Baltimore County | Calvert | Caroline | Carroll | Cecil | Charles | Dorchester | Frederick | Garrett | Harford | Howard | Kent | Montgomery | Prince George's | Queen Anne's | St. Mary's | Somerset | Talbot | Washington | Wicomico | Worcester

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