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Monera

From Academic Kids

The Monera are a biological kingdom, including all living things which have a prokaryotic cell organization. Prior to its creation these were treated as two separate divisions of plants: the Schizomycetes or bacteria, including most prokaryotes and considered as fungi, and the Cyanophyta or blue-green algae. The latter are now considered a group of bacteria, typically called the cyanobacteria. Recently DNA and RNA sequence analysis has demonstrated that there are actually two major groups of prokaryotes, the Bacteria and Archaea, which do not appear to be closer in relationship to each other than they are to the eukaryotes. These may be treated as subkingdoms, but most new schemes tend to abandon the Monera and treat these as separate domains or kingdoms. Monera are the smallest of organisms. They are single-cell organisms. They have no nucleus at all. Monera are in fact so small that even all of their DNA fits into one single chromosome which the cell carries with it. Also, scientists believe that monera first existed 3 1/2 billion years ago. Template:Biology-stubes:Mnera lb:Prokaryotae ms:Moneran ja:モネラ界 nl:Moneren pt:Monera

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