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Mission San Francisco de Asis

From Academic Kids

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A view of "Mission Dolores" on a rainy San Francisco day in December 2004. The original Mission structure is the smaller building at left.

Mission San Francisco de Asís, also known as Mission Dolores, was founded on October 9, 1776. It was the sixth California mission, founded by Father Francisco Palou (a member of the de Anza Expedition). It is located in San Francisco, and received the nickname "Mission Dolores" from the nearby Lago de los Dolores ("Lake of the Sorrows"), now vanished. It was named for St. Francis of Assisi, the founder of the Franciscan Order. The buildings have remained relatively unchanged since their construction in 1782.

In 1817, Mission San Rafael Arcángel was established as an asistencia to act as a hospital for the Mission, though it would later be granted full mission status in 1822.

After the California Gold Rush began in 1848, the City of San Francisco had grown tremendously; there were saloons and two race tracks on the mission property. During the 1906 earthquake, the basilica next to the mission church fell and was destroyed, but the Mission San Francisco de Asís remained unharmed.

The Mission is still an active church in San Francisco. Many people attend services in the Mission church and even more attend mass in the Basilica next door. The Mission is open to visitors.

The church is located on Dolores Street near its intersection with 16th Street. The Mission District is the name of the San Francisco neighborhood adjacent to the mission. The Mission District was one of the few areas of San Francisco not destroyed by the fires that sprang up in the aftermath of the 1906 earthquake.

Historic designations

See also

External links

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Mission San Francisco de Asís circa 1910.

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